325- Marx basic premises
1859 critique of political economy
Diffenent way of looking at society as an objective reality
Compares and contrasts Berger and luckman -focusing on interaction in
everyday life, typification, meaning systems, signs, language. Habitualized action
to traditional action, to social systems that are objective through legimtation
Marx- what is social life
Production is the most essential feature of societies
Marx focuses more on actions rather than thoughts from Berger and luckman
Real individuals their activities and their material conditions in which they live
Material conditions shape human life, they have to have food and shelter. This
builds social relationships. Act of social production creates lives. Production of
life through material conditions.
Human labour and productive process. Social production
Production in general- every society has to produce. Universal conditions of
humans. But we produce in different ways. Eg communist, slave societies, feudal
societies, capitalist societies. Specific ways of human producing their living.
History and change are fundamental to human production
Humans without choice are born into a social world. Born into a set of social
relations. determines the rest of their lives. Eg being born a slave
We are born into a world where there already exists material forces of
production. Those material forces of production will determine and constrain
social relations which will then determine our lives. Eg capitalism or slaves.
Material forces of production and social relations f production create foundation
of social life.
The totality of relations of production form economic infrastructure. Creates
foundation for which everything else depend upon. Base determines
superstructure. Society becomes objective reality that we create that constrains
and confronts us
Economic base- foundation. Determines the rest of the social structure.
Superstructure- legal system, political system, intellectual process of
life.economic foundation can limit possibilities. Eg human freedom, slave society.
Base- economic infrastructure. Base is a mode production, produces life. Feudal
and capitalist production. The mode of production(material forces of production-
real human beings using material conditions to crate their lives. Eg wage workers
creating for their workers. This leads to social relations of production- eg slaves
and those in power. Feudalism, king, and peasants. Creation of social
relationships. Shapes POLTIICAL, legal, and intellectual systems. Mode of
production shapes all these. It structures the everyday life. Marx believes
infrastructure determines everyday life, language,e and knowledge
Societies are unstable and contradictory nature of social life, it creates social change. Instability comes from the material forces of society comes to contradict
social relations. Then the infastructure creates contradiction for the
superstructure. Eg feudal society.kings. Seen as leaders, control and own land.
Contorl land through dividing between warriors. Creates feudal system and
create stability after the fall of roman empire. Peasants now farm the land, they
produce surplus of agriculture. surplus allows others to contribute to other things.
Emergence of skilled. Craftwork. Then emergence of guilds in the kings castle.
Creates consumer goods for kings court. Emerg