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Sociology 325 – Contemporary Social Theories Notes.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCY 325
Professor
Rob Beamish
Semester
Fall

Description
Sociology325ContemporarySocialTheories09092013RequiredReadingsPeterLBergerandThomasLuckmannTheSocialConstructionofRealityAlsoonMoodleTutorialeveryotherweekWeeks24681012AlfredSchtzWroteSinnahafteAufbauderSozialenWeltThePhenomenologyoftheSocialWorldTheSocialConstructionisbasedoffthisbookbyAlfredCouldhaveusedPhnomenologyinsteadofSinnahafteAufbauSinnNotionofsenseistheideaofmeaningsomethingortheuseofsenseHafteSomethingyouwouldaddintoawordSinnahafteThepersonalexperienceofmakingsenseofwhatisaroundyouUberbauSuperStructureAufbaucanmeanonormeanoutofGivesasensethattheconstructionisnotfinitebutcomplexEvaluationTutorial10EssayAssignment20EssayAssignment25FinalExam45FourbroadareasofconcernTheEnlightenmentandthenatureofknowledgeChangedwhatislegitimateknowledgeandwhatknowledgeleadstothetruthWhathastheenlightenmentdoneforusSocietyasanobjectiverealitySocietyasrealityDurkheimclaimswearebornintosocietySocietyasasubjectiverealitySocietyismadeupofindividualswhocreatetheworldinwhichweliveTheinterrelationofmacroandmicrostructureandagencyobjectandsubjectAssociatedCentralConceptsPowerknowledgeLeviathanHobbessaystocreateastatePowerissomethingthatiscentralizedthenspreaddownPatriarchyisapersonalrelationPoweralsoisdispersedbutjustasinfluentialasacentralizedpowerKnowledgeispowerinthesensethatifyoucanshapethewaypeoplethinkthenthatputsyouinapowerfulpositionKnowledgeshapesthingsgivingyoupowerSocialinequalitydifferentbasesDifferenttypesofsocialinequalitiesexistSocialstabilitychangeMarxseesthingsasunstableDurkheimMorestablePeriodizationandprocessComteCoinedthetermsociologyLabeledsociologyastheQueenofthescienceslastonedevelopedthereforeitencompasseseverythingTheologicalMetaphysicalexploredthebasisofknowledgeandconcernedwithexplainingthefundamentalnatureofbeingandtheworldthatencompassesitPositiveInductivebasisonobservationsScientificjudgmentdependsoncarefulobservationrigorousexperimentationandtheabilitytograsppattersanddiscerncriticalfeaturesindiversephenomenaHistoricaljudgmentrequiresasensitivitytothesignificanceofpastrecordstothecomplexityofhumanmotivesandtothediversityofhumanculturePhilosophicaljudgmentrequirestheabilitytochallengeonesprejudicesclarifiesonesmeaningsandconfrontstheimplicationsofonesprinciplesAestheticjudgmentCallsforadevelopedsenseofliteraryandartisticformaheighteningoftheimaginationandacapacityforprofoundhumanfeelingValuejudgmentdependsonareflectiveawarenessofhumanneedscapacitiesandaspirationsThroughallthesemodesofjudgmentrunthegeneralcanonsofcriticalthinkinglogicalrigouconsistencygraspofwhatisrelevantandfreedomfromemotionalbiasWeberProtestantEthicandCapitalistspiritRolethatreligionplaysthecallingandhowthatinfluenceshisbehaviorLinksthesubjectiveTheoryThescientificworldviewTheorizationwillleadtoaTheory
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