Standard Costing

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17 May 2011
Department
Course
Professor
Chapter 10 & 11: Variance Analysis
1)Variance Analysis for Direct Materials:
Actual Cost
Actual Quantity (10)
X
Actual Price/unit ($2)
AQpurchased (10)
X
SPpurchased
($1.5)
AQused
X
SPused
Standard Cost
(Expectations)
Standard Quantity (12)
X
Standard Price/unit ($1.5)
Direct Materials Price Variance
= Difference
$5 (Unfavorable)
Direct Materials Usage Variance
= Difference
$3 (Favorable)
Total Direct Materials Variance = Difference
$2 (Unfavorable)
Increasing Unfavorable Increasing
Favorable
Direct Materials Framework:
Standard Quantity = Actual Output * Input-Output Ratio
2)Variance Analysis for Direct Labor:
Actual Cost
Actual Hours
X
Actual Rate/hour
AH
X
SR
Standard Cost
(Expectations)
Standard Hours
X
Standard Rate/hour
Direct Labor Rate Variance = Difference
(AH) (SR AR)Direct Materials Efficiency Variance =
Dfference
(SR) (SH AH)
Total Direct Labor Variance = Difference
Increasing Unfavorable Increasing
Favorable
Exercise 10-33
DM = 5lbs, DL = 2hrs = input-output ratio (5lbs:2hrs)
DM Variance:Actual Cost
Actual Quantity
(930,000)
X
AQpurchased
(930,000)
X
SPpurchased ($4)
AQused
(925,000)
X
SPused ($4)
Standard Cost
(Expectations)
Standard Quantity (175,000
* 5)
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