Social philosopher, but really hard to pigeon hold him. Philosopher of language, and made major contributions. Making sense of grand narratives, to know what the hell is going on. Master work: a secular age trying to understand modernity especially in the loss of the great chain of being that religion played a large part in. Trying to find way to enhance or retrieve what has been lost or corrupted. Malaise: feeling of discomfort (when imminent onset of illness) Inconvenient because everything seems to be going so well society flourishing and thriving (hollow hike hiding imminent collapse) Malaises of modernity: features of our contemporary culture and society that people experience as a loss or decline, even as our civilization. He felt like it was the loss of the individual, insisting that he as a thinker and you as a person find what it means to be an individual.