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Ryerson University
Arts and Contemporary Studies
ACS 103
Ron Babin

CLCV Lecture 1 10/3/2012 3:23:00 PM What is Greek, the Greeks and Greek civilization  Greeks call themselves Hellenes not Greeks  There is no collation in the contemporary Greek mind basically Greece and the Greeks are wherever in the genial area of the eastern and central Mediterranean where there are a significant number of Greeks in control of the locale they are living in effect. Greece is where the Greeks are and where Greek culture is predominant Who is a Greek?  -Someone who spoke Greek -Whose culture was essentially Greek? -Who institutions were recognized as being Greek  Not only did the Greeks regard everyone else as barbarians they saw them as slaves to them and inferior  They saw it as a natural law that Greeks would be master and everyone would be the slaves, every barbarian was rotationally slaves to the Greeks  Mediterranean sea=middle of the world  Greeks considered themselves the master race  The Mycenaean’s left written tablets  Mycenaean’s civilization called this because they were at a place called mycena  Greeks was not united after the clasped until Alexander the great united a bit and that’s when political Greece started to emerge  When Romans look at Greece they tended to look at it through Athens  Athens even in the classical world positioned itself and considered itself the cultural and artistic centre  The idealized picture that we get of the Greeks is of both Greek and roman classical  The Greeks saw themselves as isolated in a world of barbarism and savages  The flow of idea was always from the east to the west  In the classical period Greek cave was unique and the Greeks actually took what they have learned from other civilizations and developed it and created something out of it that was unique which one could argue was greater than before City’s urban civilization why so important understanding Greeks and their culture  The Greeks identified there civilization to a Greek living in a city was an indication of ones civilized nature if you didn’t live in a city you weren’t civilized marshaled everything necessary for politics , economic, religious and scientific to a Greek  All characteristics of civilization developed in cities  a certain size and density of a city would have to have public works some buildings owned by community it owned by a individual within the city which implied some kind of adminstration within a society  there had to be existense of class grpupings and some sort of writing or recording keeping within citys  citys stored enough food supplies to ensure they could last during when food was not growing  the general view was that the earliest protocitys most famous was jerico the general theory coming from is that farmers got together close to a water source, a spring or a river then the communities developed  they did this for defensive reasons as well as to enable the population to mover water to fields  earliest cities were not isolated  controlled socities they are disposed by the rulers of the citys CLCV Lecture 2 10/3/2012 3:23:00 PM CLCV Lecture 3 10/3/2012 3:23:00 PM Life after Mycenaean -Most of culture was destroyed except for outlying areas like Athens and some Aegean islands -Greece emerges from dark ages around 600 B.C.E -The Greek city or (polis) in the early classical era was a small town in the hill or valley or coast or off shore island, which had hard times supplying its people with food agriculturally except ones on coast which could supplement it with fish -The Polis was quite small originally and were mostly formed by families or kin groups -Sparta being the largest Athens also being formidable -Polis was a walled site and was ready to defend itself at a moment’s notice -All fit adult males expected to serve mili
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