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CHY 104 (25)
Lecture

periodic part 2.docx

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Department
Chemistry
Course
CHY 104
Professor
Tsogbadral Galaabaatar
Semester
Fall

Description
Vacant Spaces Mendeleyv’s left many vacant spaces for the still unknown elements. For example, next to Calcium (40) should be Titanium (48) but it resembled silicon (28) instead of Aluminium (27). He left vacant space for element with atomic mass 44. Discovery of New Element Mendeleyv’s discovered new elements and also guessed their atomic mass and properties. Atomic Mass Correction Mendeleyv’s corrected the atomic masses of certain elements on basis of their properties and provided proper place to them in the periodic table. Defects in Mendeleyv’s Periodic Table The Mendeleyv’s Period Table has following defects: Irregular Position of Some Elements According to Mendeleyv’s Periodic Law Potassium (39) should be placed before Argon (40) but he placed Argon (40) before Potassium (39) which goes against his law. Position of Isotopes Mendeleyv’s periodic table gives no indication about the position of isotopes. Structure of Atom Mendeleyv’s Periodic table gives no idea about structure of atoms. Position of Lanthanides and Actinides Lanthanides and Actinides have not been given proper place in Periodic Table. Coinage and Alkali Metals Alkali metals and coinage metals with different properties are placed in the same group. This defect has been replaced by placing them into two sub groups. Modern Periodic Law and Modern Periodic Table Modern Periodic Law Physical and chemical properties of the elements are periodic function of their atomic number. Mosely (1913) says that atomic mas is not fundamental property. Due to some defects present in Mendeleyv’s periodic law, Mosely introduced the concept of anomic number for the elements. Example When isotopes were discovered, it was thought advisable to arrange the elements on basis of their atomic number instead o increasing atomic mases. Isotopes were needed different position in the Mendeleyv’s periodic table. Hence Mendeleyv’s periodic law was modified. Modern Periodic Table When Mendeleyv’s periodic law was modified and new elements were discovered. This forcd the scientists to change Mendeleyv’s periodic law. The electronic configuration of atoms also played an important role in he arrangement of the modern periodic law. This form of periodic table is called “Long form of Periodic Table” because it contains eighteen groups instead of eight but seven periods instead of twelve. Group I – The Alkali Metals The elements of group I
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