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Lecture 1

CLD 111 Lecture 1: CLD111 Week 1 Notes

Early Childhood Studies
Course Code
CLD 111
Nidhi Menon

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Environments Class (Creating Environments for Learning) September 14th 2016
Notes from Chapter Readings
Why is the eviroet iportat for hildre’s learig?
The environment we are in affects our moods, ability to form relationships,
effectiveness in work or play
Young children are in the process of rapid brain development
o In the early years the brain develops more synapses or connections than it can
possibly use, those that are used by the child form strong connections, while the
synapses that are not used are pruned away
The amount of time children spends in these environments
It is important that these environments are high quality since this affects childre’s
short- and long-term development
Why is play-based learning important?
A well-designed environment allows children to participate in in-depth pay
What is play? Many definitions: voluntary, requires active involvement of the
participants, involves symbolic activity, is free from external rules with rules being
determined by the players, focuses on the process rather than the product and is
Play promotes social-emotional, literacy, cognitive, and self-regulation skills
Play has been recognized globally as not only an important learning tool but also an
important right for children
Allows children to practice cultural roles and to try out new roles
Through play children learn the rules for social interaction, build social competence,
practice cooperation, and gain confidence in working with others
They can adopt the persona of another, trying out their role and seeing a new
Play in a rich environment also provides the vehicle for optimal cognitive development
o Children actively participate in an integrated activity that is motivating and
rewarding (solving complex problems)
Children also gain language and literacy skills as they play using speech to define plots
and to design props
Outdoor play is linked to many health benefits
o Creates physical fitness and exercise, reduces obesity and improves motor
development and health outcomes
Concerns about Lack of play opportunities
Poverty, violence and overreliance on media entertainment, inadequate space, and an
overephasis o aadeis affet hildre’s aility ad tie for play
Reduced by changing cultural values, including valuing arranged, structured activities
over free play
Play is ritial for hildre’s physial health, etal health, ad eduatio
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