CMN 124 Lecture Notes - Phrasal Verb, Adpositional Phrase, Independent Clause
Verb – It is an action like run, walk etc.
Voice- A term that describes a verb’s ability to show whether the subject of a sentence acts or is acted
Phrasal verb – A verb that combines with one or more preposition to deliver its meaning
Pronouns – Words that replace or refer to nouns like everybody, somebody etc.
Personal Pronouns – I, you, and me
Ambiguity – misinterpretation of a sentence due to double meaning
Phrase – Group of words containing a subject or verb, which cannot stand on its own as a complete
Clause – Group of related words containing a subject and a complete verb; when it delivers full meaning
it is called an independent clause; when it doesn’t deliver a full meaning by itself, it is called a
Dependent clause – A clause that cannot function on its own as an independent grammatical unit
Independent clause – A clause, containing a subject and complete verb that functions on its own as an
independent grammatical unit
Subject – The word or group of words in a sentence that acts or is acted upon
Simple Sentence – one independent clause, straight forward and empathic
Compound sentence – two independent clauses, joins related sentences with coordinate conjunctions
such as for, and, nor, but or, yet, so.
Complex Sentence – one dependent clause and one independent clause, a clause introduced by a
subordinate like although, while, even if, etc.
Compound-complex sentence – one dependent clause and two independent clauses
Prepositional phrase – A phrase beginning with a preposition that sets out a relationship in time or
space. Such words include with, at, to, by, against etc.
Declarative Sentence – Sentence that makes a statement
Parallelism – The use of the same grammatical forms or matching sentence structures to express
equivalent ideas. Example of what not to do, He hid, biting, spit
Comma Splice – The error that occurs when two independent clauses are connected with nothing more
than a comma
Fused Sentence (Run on Sentence) – Two or more independent clauses erroneously run together
without the use of required punctuation or coordinating conjunctions
Sentence Fragment – A portion of a sentence that is punctuated like a complete sentence but does not
deliver full meaning