Northern EuropeanArt in the Renaissance
-Flemish painters rediscovered oil painting. Particularly, Jan Van Eyck. For centuries, credited with its
-Allows painters to develop a much more subtle gradation of tone.
-Allows for much clearer, sharpers. Much more accurate than tempera.
-JAN VAN EYCK
-1433: Man in a Red Turban. Thought to be a self portrait. Intense realism in the work. Intense look,
visible stubble on the chin. TEXTURE is now easier. Image seems to glow.
-Ghent Altarpiece. 1432. Saint Bavo Cathedral. Started by his brother, finished by him. Scene on
outer panels of theAnnunciation. Notable in the rendering of textures, makes objects feel physically
real. *intensely realisticAdam & Eve.At the bottom, the adoration of the lamb. Symbol of X's
-1434: GiovanniArnolfini and His Bride: -2 interpretations:Amarriage portrait of a wealthy Italian
banker who was working in Ghent as an agent of the Medici. Thought to be symbolic of a secular
wedding. Indicating an oath, raised hand.
-There is a convex mirror between the figures showing two other figures in the room.Around the
mirror, the stations of the cross.
-Statue of St. Margaret, patron st. Of childbirth.
-They are barefoot. Representing a holy union.
-Dog symbolizes fidelity.
-Oranges: Symbol of their wealth.
-Green dress against a red bed. Effective colour choice.
-Doesn't follow notion of a single vanishing point. Multiple vanishing points *.
-2 Interpretation: There were 2 GiovanniArnolfinis. Giovanni di Nicolo, whose wife died in
childbirth. Posthumous portrait to her memory, woman in the portrait is indeed pregnant. Perhaps a
funeral portrait because there is one extinguished candle and one lit. Stations of the cross:All the
images of X after death are on bride's side. Fruit & outdoor cherry tree: symbols of Paradise lost.
ROBERT CAMPIN (MASTER OF FLEMALLE)
-ca. 1425-1428: MerodeAltarpiece (open), TheAnnunciation (center panel).
Lilies represent Mary's purity. Joseph working in his carpenter shop, making a mouse trap re: Jesus will
trap the sins of satan.
ROGIER VAN DER WEYDEN: More methodical in the construction of his work
Deposition, Notre-DAme hors-les-murs, Louvain, Belgium ca. 1435. Oil on wood.
Sculptural quality to the painting. Phenomenal realism. Joseph ofAramathia is crying, incredibly
realistic. Organization is methodical, John the Evangelist and Mary Magdalene.
JULIUS II: Primary Pope of the High Renaissance.
-Focus shifts from Florence to Rome.
LEONARDO DAVINCI (1452-1519)”
-Restless spirit of inquiry. Both a blessing and a curse.
-Did his apprenticeship with Del Verrocchio, who did work in fresco.Angel painted by Leonardo. -THE LAST SUPPER: c.a. 1495-1498. Fresco, Refectory, Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan. Tried to
reinvent fresco using an oil and tempera mix. Disaster. Painted flaked off.
-Great narrative paintin