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MPC 103 (65)

Northern and High Renaissance Art

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MPC 103
Iain Cameron

Northern EuropeanArt in the Renaissance -Flemish painters rediscovered oil painting. Particularly, Jan Van Eyck. For centuries, credited with its invention. -Allows painters to develop a much more subtle gradation of tone. -Allows for much clearer, sharpers. Much more accurate than tempera. - -JAN VAN EYCK -1433: Man in a Red Turban. Thought to be a self portrait. Intense realism in the work. Intense look, visible stubble on the chin. TEXTURE is now easier. Image seems to glow. -Ghent Altarpiece. 1432. Saint Bavo Cathedral. Started by his brother, finished by him. Scene on outer panels of theAnnunciation. Notable in the rendering of textures, makes objects feel physically real. *intensely realisticAdam & Eve.At the bottom, the adoration of the lamb. Symbol of X's sacrifice. -1434: GiovanniArnolfini and His Bride: -2 interpretations:Amarriage portrait of a wealthy Italian banker who was working in Ghent as an agent of the Medici. Thought to be symbolic of a secular wedding. Indicating an oath, raised hand. -There is a convex mirror between the figures showing two other figures in the room.Around the mirror, the stations of the cross. -Statue of St. Margaret, patron st. Of childbirth. -They are barefoot. Representing a holy union. -Dog symbolizes fidelity. -Oranges: Symbol of their wealth. -Green dress against a red bed. Effective colour choice. -Doesn't follow notion of a single vanishing point. Multiple vanishing points *. nd -2 Interpretation: There were 2 GiovanniArnolfinis. Giovanni di Nicolo, whose wife died in childbirth. Posthumous portrait to her memory, woman in the portrait is indeed pregnant. Perhaps a funeral portrait because there is one extinguished candle and one lit. Stations of the cross:All the images of X after death are on bride's side. Fruit & outdoor cherry tree: symbols of Paradise lost. ROBERT CAMPIN (MASTER OF FLEMALLE) -ca. 1425-1428: MerodeAltarpiece (open), TheAnnunciation (center panel). Lilies represent Mary's purity. Joseph working in his carpenter shop, making a mouse trap re: Jesus will trap the sins of satan. ROGIER VAN DER WEYDEN: More methodical in the construction of his work Deposition, Notre-DAme hors-les-murs, Louvain, Belgium ca. 1435. Oil on wood. Sculptural quality to the painting. Phenomenal realism. Joseph ofAramathia is crying, incredibly realistic. Organization is methodical, John the Evangelist and Mary Magdalene. HIGH RENAISSANCE JULIUS II: Primary Pope of the High Renaissance. -Focus shifts from Florence to Rome. LEONARDO DAVINCI (1452-1519)” -Restless spirit of inquiry. Both a blessing and a curse. -Did his apprenticeship with Del Verrocchio, who did work in fresco.Angel painted by Leonardo. -THE LAST SUPPER: c.a. 1495-1498. Fresco, Refectory, Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan. Tried to reinvent fresco using an oil and tempera mix. Disaster. Painted flaked off. -Great narrative paintin
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