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CRM 101 - Boundaries of Criminology and Criminal Law

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CRM 101
Gurpreet Johal

CRM 101 Boundaries of Criminology and Criminal LawWHAT IS CRIMEThere is no single response they are constantly changing and shifting on what we believe a crime isCertain types of crimes can be justified ex killing is a crime yet it is allowed in warCrime is always socially definedBoundaries of this definition have changed over time and spaceSOCIAL CONTEXT OF CRIMEImportant in helping shape our understanding of and reaction to criminal acts and actorsShaped by Following FactorsVictimOffenderSpecific Nature of the crimeLocation of the CrimeRationale of the CrimeDEVIANCE AND CRIMEBehaviour that violates social norms including lawsCustomary ways of doing everyday things are governed by normsMore serious deviant behaviour is governed by lawsThere is a continuum of crime and devianceDegree of consensusSeverity of social responseDegree of HarmTWO APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF RULEMAKINGThe Consensus ApproachLaws represent the agreement of most the people in society that certain acts should be prohibited in criminal lawThe Conflict ApproachLaws are passed by the powerful in order to maintain their privledged position by keeping the common people under controlMORAL ENTREPENEURSPeople who are passionate about a causeUse of politicial economic educational influence to raise awareness about an issueWork towards making changed in lawMEDIAMost people learn about crime throught the media
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