Class Notes (835,872)
Canada (509,458)
Criminology (722)
CRM 300 (28)
Lecture 3

Week 3 - September 18: Role of Funtion of Police.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

CRM 300
Jennifer Fraser

th CRM300-011: September 18 , 2013 POLICING TODAY - Late 20 – early 21 century [due to a multitude of factors, including demographic factors as well as the advancement of technology and social factors such as globalization (trans-border crimes, such as trafficking)] - Increased cost of policing - Increased visibility of policing - Adoption of private sector practices & growth of the private security sector - Changing nature of crime - Use of new technologies & strategies Increased cost of policing - Increase has been exponential due to things such as 9/11 - City of Toronto budget/expenditures of 2013 - 10.8% of Toronto’s budget goes to policing - in combination with EMS and fire service, it makes up 16.7% - the Toronto police has a budget of about $1 billion [major activities: (1) front-line policing such as actively enforcing the law, (2) infrastructure such as recording evidence, keeping systems up to date, update programs, workshops, development and any other technologies needed like GPS systems or tasers (3) administration such as court time, record-keeping, paperwork (they are getting paid more than they ever have, and having to keep up with the ever-changing technology) and it is taking more resources to solve crimes (4) development of specialized units such as sex crime units, homicide squad, guns & gangs which takes specialized training/technology] INCREASED VISIBILTY [They are meant to be seen in the community, they are more accessible to the public and come in contact with the public more often] - “Sousveillance” [a bottom-up way of keeping surveillance, rise in personal footage of problematic encounters with the police, which sparks more scrutiny of the police force (beating of Rodney King in LA)] - E.g. Robert Dziekanski case [Poland immigrant who was tasered five times in a Vancouver airport. He didn’t speak English, and was very irritated but clearly did not understand what the police were saying, and as a result of being tasered, died, sparking debate. ] - The Taser debate [The argument was that he didn’t die because he was tasered, he died from “excited delirium” (increased/irregular heartbeat causes the death). Doctors argue this condition does not exist, there is no medical evidence of this condition, but the RCMP/police still support this excuse.] [His death was in 2007, the provincial inquiry in 2010 found that the RCMP was not justified in using a taser on him. Problematic issues: The RCMP really misrepresented their actions in this case, such as lying about what they did despite being recorded. The response was a guideline on when it was appropriate to use tasers, but they are vague: “when the officer has reasonable grounds to believe the person will imminently harm to someone”] [In 2011, the overseeing body of the RCMP which deals with complaints also did an inquiry and
More Less

Related notes for CRM 300

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.