Class Notes (834,251)
Canada (508,438)
Criminology (720)
CRM 300 (28)
Lecture 5

CRM300: Week 5 - Police Cutlure.docx

6 Pages
111 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Criminology
Course
CRM 300
Professor
Jennifer Fraser
Semester
Fall

Description
CRM312 – “Police Culture” nd Week 5: October 2 , 2013 CHOOSING THE JOB - Ipsos Reid Survey of Youth (2010):  30% of youth would consider a police career  3% of youth consider policing their primary choice  [10% felt their race would have some sort of an impact on their chances of becoming a police officer – youth are aware of racial aspects of policing and how some police agencies treat different racialized groups] - Most popular careers: Education, healthcare, technology. Reasons for choosing police:  Help people [interact with community & watch out for their wellbeing, etc.]  Job security  Prestige of profession (Foley et al., 2008) [they see policing as a symbol of power and honour] BASIC VS. PREFERRED QUALIFICATIONS [policing is a very competitive profession] - Basic qualifications: the minimum requirements for candidates applying to police forces [bare minimum = having completed high school] - Preferred qualifications: requirements that increase the competitiveness of applicants seeking employment in policing [most hires that police departments make have an undergraduate degree, tend to be more mature and not directly out of university but have full-time work experience and other life skills such as travelling, working in other countries, lots of volunteer work, speak another language] - [their entire life becomes open for examination when they apply for a policing position to be scrutinized in detail] SCREENING [each screening process has different procedures] - RCMP:  Police Aptitude Battery  Six Factor Personality Questionnaire [measures your agreeableness, independence, methodicalness, extroversion, industriousness, openness to experience]  Police Aptitude Test *test they made themselves, and measures how “smart” you are, your judgement, how logical and rational you are, your writing/spelling skills and comprehension skills, memory test, judgement scenarios, logic problems, math calculations] - OPP & Municipal Police Forces:  Constable Selection System  Police Analytical Thinking Inventory  Written Communication Test  Behavioural Personal Assessment Device for Police - [next step would be in-depth interviews, fitness, polygraph testing and in-depth background check for both careers] - Number of Hirings of Police Officers (2011/2012)  Ontario: 647  Quebec: 423  Alberta: 328  British Columbia: 252  Manitoba: 190  Saskatchewan: 99  Nova Scotia: 43  New Brunswick: 34  Everywhere else: 5 or less (no data for Newfoundland) - Number of Hirings by Major Police Services (2011/2012)  RCMP: 516 [around 10,000 applications a year]  OPP: 242  SQ: 186 [Quebec]  VPS: 7 [Vancouver]  SPVM: 0 [Montreal]  TPS: 0 [Toronto – hiring freeze]  RNC: no data PROMOTING DIVERSITY - “The RCMP is committed to promoting equity by recruiting applicants from a wide range of backgrounds to better reflect our Canadian reality.” [most forces started letting women in the 1960s] - [RCMP says they are making an effort to hire visible minorities, those who identify with the LGBT community, etc.] - The Promise of the OPP (2002): [most diverse force, even won an award for it] “I will: • Seek to understand different perspectives, cultures, lifestyles, creeds and apply that understanding to effect quality policing • Identify candidates for recruitment to enhance the diversity of the O.P.P. workforce reflective of the communities we serve • Adjust the way I work (behave and communicate) by appropriately accommodating others’ basic human rights • Respect the individual dignity and strengths of all people.” PERCENTAGE OF SENIOR OFFICERS BY GENDER, 1986 – 2012 [across all of Canada] - Women:  1986 – 0.2% (6 women all together)  2012 – almost 10% PERCENTAGE OF CONSTABLES BY GENDER [most women are concentrated here in the lower ranks] - Women:  1986 – about 5%  2012 – about 20% FORMAL TRAINING [varies across the country, varies by force – some common ground such as physical training, some focus on academics, learning the law and skills training such as use of force, firearm, to drive a police car and interact with people] - RCMP:  RCMP Academy, Depot Division in Regina, SK [where all the recruits go to for their training and must complete this training to be considered an officer; they learn police sciences (skills, community relations, learning about the law, how to communicate with people, defensive tactics, their firearms & lifestyle subjects such as how to be an upstanding citizen) - Ontario:  Ontario Police College, in Alymer, ON [may also have in-house training]  Ontario Provincial Police Academy, in Orillia, ON  Toronto Police College, in Toronto, ON BUT WHAT IS THE CONTENT OF TRAINING? [not publicly available, which means it’s not open for independent evaluation by researchers or think- tank’s – we have no idea what goes on in police forces] - [There is lots of discussion/argument that police should learn more of the following skills] - “Soft skills”: skills centred on information collection, communication, and conflict resolution [without extreme violence]; empathy & compassion - “Cross-cultural” training - “Sensitivity” training - Career development training – mandatory or optional? - [no follow-up or evaluation so we can’t tell what the effects of these trainings are] SOCIALIZATION (INFORMAL TRAINING) - Primary Socialization [starts from the moment you’re born, and a social life when you get into school; appropriate behaviour] - Secondary Socialization [and a socialization when you enter your profession; there’s a certain socialization when you enter the pol
More Less

Related notes for CRM 300

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit