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CRM300: Week 9 - (November 6) Private Policing and Racial Profiling.docx

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Ryerson University
CRM 300
Jennifer Fraser

CRM300-011: “Racial Profiling” th Week 9: November 6 , 2013 [In Canada, while we may make notes about race in notes, we do not collect race statistics, which is why we cannot look up statistics about race in StatsCan, etc.] OTTAWA’s RACIAL PROFILING STUDY - The Current, March 26, 2013 Traffic Stop Race Data Collection Project: [(from his lawyer, Virginia Nelder)Chad Aiken – was followed by a police cruiser for a short period of time before being pulled over for “failure to wear a seatbelt” -> Situation escalated when Chad attempted to open the door, due to the window being broken, Ontario Human Rights Commission – African-American Legal Clinic; OHRC settled the complaint & the OHRC and the Police force agreed to a data collection study -> Chad Aiken not satisfied – racial profiling doesn’t just happen with vehicle stops, it happens with pedestrian stops also occur, so the racial profiling study is not inclusive; as well, the length of the project – would have preferred an ongoing research to find ways to improve the police attitudes toward racial profiling -> Chad Aiken was not pardoned, OHRC settled for less than the terms he had proposed and he does not feel he received justice ---- Data is to be collected over 2 years with about 1,500+ traffic stops; Joel de Bellefeuille: In 2009, Montreal, a man was stopped over 10 times in the past week; when he pulled up next to a police car, he knew he was about to be pulled over -> Refused to produce identification because he didn’t believe that he deserved to be pulled over and spoken to so rudely -> Demanded police call supervision and complied with the supervisor -> Police reason for pulling Joel over: the license plate came back with a Quebecois name, and felt his name did not match what he looked like -> Joel was shocked -> Joel filed a complaint with the Police Ethics Commission and the two officers were suspended for 5 days --- Roger Love The study should at least take place for 3 years, the scope of these studies should be as inclusive as possible, not just vehicles -> the problem extends to African Americans in everyday life, not just driving Had an incident where he was walking with his 15-year-old cousin who was stopped by police and asked if he knew “x” (this was because he was carded and because of his last name, the police assumed he knew someone known to the police) Carding – police practice of keeping a police database of their interactions with citizens (field information report; completely up to the police’s discretion as to who they speak to, but they are used as investigative tools and the overrepresentation of black/brown males There are more field information reports on black/brown male) --- Halifax Police (Constable Shaun Carvery): Diversity action team? Every police have to go through bias program (to ensure they are not acting in bias in response to the call of duty)? - “Carding” is actually called Street Checks, claims “not just black/brown males” and are used as investigate tools but “have helped solve some cases” Citizen can request any information on themselves at the police station What is the biggest challenge in tackling the issue that the community doesn’t seem to be reflected in the force? -> “It’s not a lack of trying on our part because we’re going to community events, promoting and visible” --- Fo Niemi Would like a proposition as to how to improve police service and public service, etc. because the end of the study should really propose recommendations How do we tackle the fact that Toronto and Montreal are so diverse and yet we still encounter this problem? -> Systemic barriers we have to face, we have to change practices and the overall, collective mindset -> These two cities, while being the most diverse, also have the most people of colour incarcerated]  Data collection began in June 2013 (two year collection period) [time period is problematic as well because of the Observer Effect: if you know you are being studied, you might change your behaviour]  Police to record their perception of driver’s race as part of regular traffic stops [They are recording the perception, not what people self-identify as, so the people being stopped are not being informed]  Issues? - Data can be misused, the public can perceive the information differently and may even reinforce the stereotype PRIVATE POLICING [Public policing is the sanction/body of officers of the state in federal, municipal, provincial policing, distinction of private policing] EMERGENCE OF PRIVATE SECURITY INDUSTRY [Policing provided by the state is a relatively new phenomenon; in history, it was done by private citizens, so private p
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