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CRM300: Week 11 - (November 20th) International Policing and Terrorism.docx

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Ryerson University
CRM 300
Jennifer Fraser

CRM300-011: NOVEMBER 20 , 2013th Week 11 – International Policing & Terrorism GLOBALIZATION (two working definitions) - “A multidimensional set of social processes that create, multiply, stretch and intensify worldwide social interdependencies and exchanges while at the same time fostering in people a growing awareness of deepening connections between the local and the distant” (Steger, 2003) - Involves international trade & transactions [countries are relying on other countries in a new way, and hopefully through this we are gaining more awareness in our differences and similarities and drawing some distinctions between the local (see and interact with people in our own community) and the global (see and interact with people around the world)], movement of capital & investments, migration & the movement of people [how they travel, where we travel to, what we do in these places], dissemination of knowledge & the environment (IMF, 2000). - [What does this mean for policing?]  We can look at how policing can evolve, adopting practices from other countries, studying different methods  Thinking of globalization as policing – globalization doing the function of policing and relating it back to [territorial] borders: how we demarcate different lands into countries and how we treat people different depending on where they come from and how they move  Social construction (borders) as a form of social control; refugee policies, border plicies, etc. [Globalization is not new; we have seen countries interact internationally; Silk and spice trade, European colonial period, etc.] [advancement in technology such as the Internet make it much easier] INTERNATIONAL POLICING IN CANADA - Canadian police forces: [all forces (municipal, provincial, federal) can cooperate with police forces around the world, which is ironic because these forces do not even communicate with each other very well – see Pickton case]  Cooperation with foreign law enforcement  E.g. counterfeiting, drugs, child exploitation, human smuggling [good example: “Project Spade” was a three year police operation, led by the Toronto police service that involed US, Australia, Mexico, Spain, South Africa, Norway, Ireland, Greece, Hong Kong, etc. and it was about investigation a website that was selling child pornography. In 2010, police got a tip about a Toronto man who was running this website, but released a public statement about 300 arrests (100 in Canada) and rescued about 400 children involved in the making of this video. These 400 children were being abused and used to make these films.]  INTERPOL [International network that connects different police forces around the world. Created in 1923 (we joined in 1949), 190 member countries, facilitates international or cross-border crimes for police to work on and facilitates cooperation of police forces but does not actually investigate. Just acts as a network for communication. Through our connection through INTERPOL, police have access to a whole host of international databases and information other police services around the world collect. We can issue notices to other countries, warning other countries that fugitives might flee to other countries and gain information about legislation of other countries. It is up to the RCMP to communicate to INTERPOL through an Ottawa office. One of the more well-known cases involving INTERPOL was Albert Walker: he was engaged in large sum fraud, stole millions of dollars from colleagues and clients in the 1980’s. He was wanted for this so he fled to the UK and brought one of his daughters, posed as his wife with her two children. He was placed as #2 on INTERPOL’s most wanted list and was eventually caught after he stole the identity of his colleague in the UK. When this man returned, Walker murdered him to keep his identity. He was convicted of murder in the UK and brought back to Canada for his fraud charges, placed in Kingston Penitentiary]  Border enforcement [we enforce our borders by having the following policies - ]  E.g. immigration, “irregular arrivals”, deportation [large groups coming to Canada claiming refugee status, other countries that are population destinations include Australia and the UK]  [the legislation that governs these: Refugee and Immigration Protection Act: how people can enter Canada and remain in the country, how they might lost their status, how they may be removed/deported from the country, sets up the Immigrant and Refugee board. People are either foreign nationals or have gained permanent residence status can be detained (typically for 48 hours but it can be longer if needed after review/hearing) if they pose a danger to the public; if police of CBSA believes they can be dangerous. They can also be detained if their identity is in question or if there is reason to believe they will not show up for immigration process, such as court hearings]  This process can happen after they have entered the country, or upon entry  Detention facility: Montreal, Toronto, short-term in Vancouver, or they can be detained in a provincial correctional facility (jail). Up to 48 hours, a CBSA officer can release the person if they decide to, but after 48 hours it goes to the Immigration and Refugee Board  “Irregular Arrivals” are under the Protecting Canada’s Immigration System Act (PCISA). Anyone over 16 years old who arrives at the border irregularly (not coming through regular channels and trying to apply for status) will be detained (not may be detained). They are usually trying to claim refugee status because they feel unsafe in their home country, or will be persecuted, etc. They will be detained until the Board makes a decision about their claim. Sometimes people under 16 will also be detained; if they have parents they will typically be detained with their parents, if without parents they will be under the protection of the Ministry of public safety. After automatically being detained, they can be detained up to 14 days without review. After 14 days/review by the IRB they can be released or have a review every 6 months. If they are not released, the only avenue they have is to make a plea/petition to the Ministry of Public Safety for their release. CANADA BORDER SERVICES AGENCY - Protecting our streets and communities from criminal and national security threats:  To protect the safety, health and security of Canadians and the integrity of our border
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