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CRM300: Week 12 (NOV 27th) - Future of Policing.docx

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Ryerson University
CRM 300
Jennifer Fraser

WEEK 12: THE FUTURE OF POLICING IN CANADA & EXAM REVIEW th CRM300-011: Wednesday, November 27 , 2013 (from last week’s lecture) CANADIAN POLICE INTERNATIONALLY - International Operations [run by the RCMP]  Police officers deployed internationally to aid in the prevention & detection of crime affecting Canada [sending out liaison officers in locations somewhere else around the world to help with investigations that might have an impact on Canada; help lines of communication open between different police forces also known as intelligence sharing. They basically work as an RCMP representative/ambassador in different counties/on a global scale. They do all sorts of investigations, but also a diplomatic role. We are currently in 26 different locations with 37 different individuals in these locations.] - International Peace Operations  Police officers deployed to UN or country-specific peace operations [typically the UN or specific country will coordinate a peace-building operation in a location that has recently undergone conflict such as civil war and is trying to rebuild. These peacekeepers are police officers from around the world. When they are recruited: main goal is to set up the country’s own police forces if they are non-existent or work with already exiting police force to train and help deal with post-conflict. We have about 130 officers, primarily in West Bank, Haiti, Pakistan.] CRITICAL ISSUES IN PEACEKEEPING - Crimes & human rights violations by peacekeepers [This has been widely documented in different places around the world. In social context, there is disorganization & there are opportunities for exploitation more availability]  E.g. Cholera outbreak in Haiti [dozens of officers were deployed after the hurricane, and the source of the Cholera was traced back to a UN base camp and their poor sanitation practices such as discarding their waste in a river that the locals were drinking from (even though an investigation ending in 2011 said it was a “confluence of factors”). Over 8,000 died from Cholera. There is a suggestion that the main focus is to minimize the role of officers in the outbreak.]  Sex trafficking in Bosnia [there is not a lot of distinction between those who are working as sex slaves being trafficked or if people are voluntarily engaging in sex work. In the late 1990’s- early 2000’s, a UN peace mission was commissioned for Bosnia but was contracted out to a private company so the police officers from various countries were actually employees of this private security company, to train and strengthen the local police force, but these officers were found doing the actual trafficking, confining the women, and participating as clients themselves. (See film – Whistle Blower]. These officers are granted immunity so they cannot be charged for the crimes in the country they are in and there is no precedent for the country they came from to charge them either. So, what typically happens, is that if someone is found to be in misconduct, the consequence is usually to be sent home (“mission cut short”) but in regards to the officers in Bosnia, they were actually hired by the company, so a few of them were fired.] - Applicability of Canadian policing practices to other countries [different countries have different norms, behaviours, laws, practices, so it`s difficult to know how Canadian police training for other police forces will work for that country and if the cultural differences will be recognized/effective]  “Embracing the Unexpected” (YouTube)  “Cultural Awareness” (YouTube) FUTURE DIRECTIONS - Moving beyond the public/private divide [increasing utility between different sectors of policing: public/private, and happening in this pluralized domain. The interesting thing about this is the recommendations proposed. The Law Commission: independent agency with the intent of finding evidence base for legislation & policy, and were shut down in 2006 due to budget cut. Because we’re seeing so much overlap between public police (such as supervising parties)/private security (working in the criminal justice system such as transporting personnel). How do we make sense of this? Theoretically, if we can no longer make a clear distinction, will it matter?] - Expansion of police surveillance
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