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CRM312: UNIT 5 - (Oct 28th) Crime's Actors.docx

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CRM 312
Stephen Muzzatti

CRM312-011: UNIT 5 “Crime’s Actors” Monday, October 28 , 2013 - There are models and explanations specifically about what effects media images have on us: “fear of crime” is impacted by media presentations of crime - Since the beginning of the discipline, criminologists have posted on the influence for a long time, and while this particular branch of social science (cultural criminology) is relatively new, these notions are 19 century products  As things emerge in the 1800’s, they took up the theme of media (which already existed) because more dominant, media-scape shifts and changes occurred even though there was always a considerable amount of attention to media representations 1. Direct Effects Model - One of the first researches of media’s impact was done by Gabriel Tarde (who called himself a “penalist”) - In the 1890 he wrote “The Penal Philosophy” (which was translated in 1968) which looked at corrections, and put forth a model of media influence known as Direct Effects Model  This is basically the “hypodermic needle” model (or syringe model) - Suggests direct, immediate impact on media audiences - “spread by the media”: suggests what we consider “crime waves” to be created by the news media - [quote]: “Diseases of the respiratory system are spread by air, diseases of crime follower the telegraph” which speaks to the contagious nature of crime as a disease [telegraphs were wires, used to transmit messages, usually along the same path as roadways”] - Crime was spread by hearing crime (Speaks to humans being vacuous and having little agency)  “Copycat crime” = a high-profile crime is replicated by someone, who also wants that kind of coverage for notoriety (monkey see, monkey do)  Example: a case of jilted lovers cutting their significant others with straight razors to the face, which became a “crime wav
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