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Lecture

CRM 101 - Organized Crime


Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRM 101
Professor
Gurpreet Johal

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ORGANIZED CRIME
CHARACTERISTICS OF ORGANIZED CRIME (1)
Illegal activities are consipiratorial
They commit or threaten acts of violence
Conduct activities in a methodical, systemic, secret fashion
CHARACTERISTICS OF ORGANIZED CRIME (2)
Intricate organizational structure insulates their leadership
Attempt to gain influence through corruption and graft
Economic gain is primary gain
CDN CRIMINAL CODE, "ENTERPRISE CRIME"
Attributes:
-Nonideological
-Hierarchical
-Limited or exclusive membership
-Perpetuous
-Specialization or division of labour
-Monopolistic
-Rules and regulations
ROOTS OF ORGANIZAED CRIME (1)
Result from the illegal goods, or demand for illegal drugs
Legal competitors are excluded because the goods and services are illegal
illegal competitors are excluded by force or threat of force
ACTIVITIES
Tactical crime - violence, blackmail & corruption
Illegitimate business esp. gambling, racketeering, loan sharking
Illicit drug production and distribution
Prostitution
Cargo theft
"fencing" expensive items
legal business
HISTORY OF ORGANIZED CRIME
Earliest example are piracy and banditry
OC in NA began in NYC in early 1800's
Development of gangs involved in vice crimes
Immigrants turened to OC to make ends meet
Robber barons role models for gangs and forerunners of organized crime
-robbers baron analogy indicates organized and corporate crime more imil
ar than we think
-captains of industry
Organized crimes power increased during prohibition
After prohibition gambling was primary source of income for several decades
ORGANIZED CRIME IS NOT:
-...synonymous with "Mafia" which is one of many organized crime groups
-...assoicated with political terrorism, at least not directly
THE ALIEN CONSPIRACY MODEL AND MYTH
Is organized crime controlled by a single highly organized, hierarchical group w
hich originates from abroad
"mafia mystique"
-The idea that all organized crime groups are working, together under an umbrell
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