CRM 101 - Conventional or Street Crime

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Published on 12 Oct 2011
School
Ryerson University
Department
Criminology
Course
CRM 101
CRM 101: CONVENTIONAL OR STREET CRIME
STREET CRIME
What most people think of when they think of crime
Offences such as murder, robbery, break and enter, assault, sexual assault, thef
t, and motor vehicle theft
Focus of majority of police caseloads
Focus of most media reports
LIFESTYLE/EXPOSURE THEORY
Created by Hindelang et al. (1978)
Helps explain why some people are more likely than others to be victimized by cr
ime
Lifestyle and routine activities of people place them in social settings with hi
gher or lower risk of being victimized
Where do people spend their evening time?
Who do people associate with?
ROUTINE ACTIVITIES THEORY
COHEN AND FELSON
THREE FACTORS MUST BE PRESENT FOR A CRIME TO OCCUR
A motivated offender
A suitable target
Ineffective guardianship of that target
A CHANGE IN ANY OF THESE FACTORS CAN INCREASE OR DECREASE THE INCIDENCE OF CRIME
.
VIOLENT CRIME
CRIMINAL HOMICIDES (1)
CRIMINAL HOMICIDE
1st and 2nd degree murder
Manslaughter
Infanticide
MURDER
The person who causes the death of another person means to cause death or means
to cause bodily harm likely to result in death.
CRIMINAL HOMICIDES (2)
MURDER
First degree
when killing is planned and deliberate
when victim is a police officer or prison guard
when murder occurs in connection with offences such as sexual assault or kidnap
ping
Second degree - all other murders
CRIMINAL HOMICIDES (3)
MANSLAUGHTER
Where there is no intent to kill
Sudden provocation
Too intoxicated to form intent
INFANTICIDE
Death of a newborn child is caused by a mother who is disturbed as a consequenc
e of giving birth
CRIMINAL HOMICIDES (4)
INCIDENCE
Homicide rate was 1.9 per hundred thousand in 2006 (U.S. rate was 5.7; in U.K. w
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Document Summary

What most people think of when they think of crime. Offences such as murder, robbery, break and enter, assault, sexual assault, thef t, and motor vehicle theft. Helps explain why some people are more likely than others to be victimized by cr ime. Lifestyle and routine activities of people place them in social settings with hi gher or lower risk of being victimized. Three factors must be present for a crime to occur. A change in any of these factors can increase or decrease the incidence of crime. The person who causes the death of another person means to cause death or means to cause bodily harm likely to result in death. First degree when killing is planned and deliberate when victim is a police officer or prison guard when murder occurs in connection with offences such as sexual assault or kidnap ping.