CRM 102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Donald Cressey, Edwin Sutherland, Juvenile Delinquency

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Criminology: scientific approach to the study of crime. Foundations of social science: science is a logico-empirical, the 2 pillars of science are logic/rationality and observations, social science is discovering what is about our social world using logic and observation (humans try to explain what they observe). Differing avenues for inquiry (on midterm: idiographic explanation: when we attempt to explain a single situation exhaustively. We fully understand the causes of what happened in a particndular instance. For example, infiltrating a youth gang to understand the inner-workings of the gang: nomothetic explanation: seeks to explain a class of situations or events rather than a single one. For example, seeking to explain factors which lead to juvenile delinquency or youth gangs in general. Reasoning: deductive reasoning: moves from the general to the specific. From a logically or theoretically expected pattern to observations that test the presence of the pattern. Reasoning gets at how you connect logic and observations (first logic, then observation).

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