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Wk. 7 - Lecture - Deviance and Madness.docx

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Ryerson University
Disability Studies
DST 500
Jijian Voronka

Wk. 7 – Lecture – Deviance and Madness March 4, 2013 Deviance - Differing for a norm or from the accepted standards of society - Person whose behaviour and attitudes differ from accepted social standards - Primary deviance: where the individual commits deviant acts but does not adopt a primary self-identity as deviant o Example: 5 year old child runs up to the teacher’s desk, and grabs a bunch of paper and runs off – doesn’t know that he or she is doing something strange or different - Secondary deviation: where the individual commits deviant acts and although recognizing that these acts are socially defined as deviant remains committed to continue them. This results in the adoption of a deviant self identity that confirms and stabilizes the deviant life style o Example: if the child does the same thing the next day after knowing that it is wrong and unacceptable - Doesn’t apply to “cults” – for example: scientology – where you belong to a belief or system where the entire group differs from society – that would not be considered deviant - Mad movement – is it deviant? No, because the entire group has agreed that they are not “mad” and all share same belief Normality - There are many types of deviations, but there is only one “normal” – general belief - Historically and culturally specific and non-substantial – no scientific basis - Does not grow out of a specific set of values, but appears totally random - Expectation of certain behaviours defined by the power elite in society - Even people who do not honour these definitions will try to adapt to them to a certain extent Who makes up norms? - Absolute norms o Absolute rulers who have absolute knowledge, wisdom, and truth o Rules must never be broken or changed, and followers who do may be punished or killed o West doesn’t tend to think of itself as absolutist society - Relative norms o Norms based on relating people o Truth, knowledge, and wisdom are considered relative and ever-changing o Some people have more powers than others to set norms o Rule-breakers are helped with changing and fitting into society, or are ostracized, rather than punished or killed o Ostracization may have severe consequences o West tends to think of itself as a relative society o There are some
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