DST 500 Lecture Notes - Social Forces, Antinomy, Psy

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Published on 17 Apr 2013
School
Ryerson University
Department
Disability Studies
Course
DST 500
Professor
Week 1: Individual vs. Structural
Looking through different lenses
Dichotomy: Opposite sides of spectrum
Psychologists and their Theories
Individual approach
Freud
Inventor of psychoanalysis
o Theory of how human behaviour and development
o Techniques
Theory focusing on individual behaviours
o Could generalize people (1 person has it, could apply to everyone)
Used hypnosis (to rid of symptoms)
Principle myth maestro (critique, he just generalized entire myth on how to understand human
behaviour)
He’s popular in feminist dialogue (even though he was sexist)
Phases of Development
Oral Phase Nursing from mom, not nursed, bad. Over nursed, optimist and gullible
Anal Stage Parents potty training, need to be firm with child
Falic Stage Genitals
o Talks a lot about Oedipal sexuality
o Childs unconscious drive to possess opposite sexed parent to eliminate same sexed one
Latency Sexual drive dormant
Genital Heterosexual relationships
Adler
In Freud’s circle early on, then differentiated from him
Inferiority complex
Relation between individual and environment
Sex was dominant
Freud too much self-gratitude, too less interpersonal
Still individualistic
Harbour feelings of inferiority complex
o Life long look for want of power, wanted to be superior
Erikson
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Psychoanalysis
o From Freud (‘Psy’ as general)
Theory of psychosocial development
o Different phases
More interested in environmental factors than Freud
8 Areas of Crisis (lifespan) <- Development
o Trust and Mistrust
1st year of life, infants need others
Their care from paternal figures impacted them on later in life
‘Parent or Mother Blame’
Marginalized people, might not have resourced (put blame on single mother b/c
she is never around) doesn’t look at other society factors
o Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
Person is learning to walk and think for themselves
If overprotective parents, can lead to shame
Blame on parents
If parents don’t discipline, could be influenced by cultural, enviro, etc
Could not just place blame on parent
o Initiative vs. Guilt
4-5 year old
Actions of parents
Restrictive parents lead you to guilt
o Industry vs. Inferiority
Lack of encouragement leads to inferiority
Considers environmental, but still very individualistic
o Identity vs. Role Confusion
Adolescences
o Intimacy vs. Isolation
Early Adult
o Geneativity vs. Stagnation
Late 30s
o Integrity vs. Despair
Older
Jung
Unconscious (domain of hidden impulses) vs. wider world
Dreams
Unconscious entire cultures, all of humanity
o Collective unconscious
Not really individual they are connected to social history
Unification of the self
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Document Summary

Inventor of psychoanalysis: theory of how human behaviour and development, techniques. Theory focusing on individual behaviours: could generalize people (1 person has it, could apply to everyone) Principle myth maestro (critique, he just generalized entire myth on how to understand human behaviour) He"s popular in feminist dialogue (even though he was sexist) Oral phase nursing from mom, not nursed, bad. Anal stage parents potty training, need to be firm with child. Falic stage genitals: talks a lot about oedipal sexuality, childs unconscious drive to possess opposite sexed parent to eliminate same sexed one. In freud"s circle early on, then differentiated from him. Freud too much self-gratitude, too less interpersonal. Harbour feelings of inferiority complex: life long look for want of power, wanted to be superior. Psychoanalysis: from freud ( psy" as general) Theory of psychosocial development: different phases. More interested in environmental factors than freud. 8 areas of crisis (lifespan) <- development: trust and mistrust.

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