Fairy tales as expressions of feudal power relations. Toppling of social hierarchy in puss in boots, jack and the beanstalk. Scholars who wanted to collect evidence of an indigenous culture in germany, their native stories. Children"s and household tales" 1812: up to 1857, many new editions and revisions published, updated and edited to be more appropriate for children over time. Emphasis on morals: listened to the stories, then went to write them from memory; there is natural revision in this process. Literary and rhetorical devices; eg. similes, metaphors, foreshadowing, suspense, etc. Religion as a part of the dominant ideology in the 19th century. Christianizing of fairy tales through revision: snow white: prays, apple (reference to eve, garden of eden, step mother referred to a godless; embodies some of the deadly sins. Wicked witch/step mother: powerful women are evil. The princess: beautiful but innocent, there to be rescued, passive: alternatively, the prince: strong, powerful, role of the rescuer, saviour.