7 Urban Food Systems Review.docx
7 Urban Food Systems Review.docx

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Ryerson University
Environment and Urban Sustainability
EUS 202
Christopher Greene

URBAN FOOD SYSTEMS Food Systems:  how food is grown  “”transported  “”processed, packaged, sold  management of food waste Canadian Food System  shift to manufacturing: ^urban areas & ^ farm size (from depopulation)  Green Revolution: more food from fewer people o innovations: ^yield seeds, synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, water management o chemical companies = warfare after WWII  local food=>central/industrial/corporate system  distance from field to fork =^^^ Food and Energy  energy lost: energy-intensive farming practice, long distance transportation, processing Food Miles  professor Tim Long  distance from field to consumer o farm to processing o processing to storage o storage to vendors o vendors to consumer  ^food travels = ^environmental impact  Locavore benefits o ^effect on local economies o ^food security o reduce GHG emissions  calculation avoided: GHG’s produced through entire lifecycle & discrimination with modes of transportation  seasonality & choice Consequences for Locavorism  developing nations: economy relies on agricultural reports Negative externalities related to North American Food System  pollution (i.e. pesticides & fertilizers)  threats to biodiversity (i.e. GMO’s & non-native species) URBAN FOOD SYSTEMS  moving impacts of food production  moving food security burdens  declining productivity over time Sustainable Food System  ecological/social/economic health of communities  protect & enhance land quality of food  ^local production & communities  ^well-being of communities (i.e. ^health)  ^environmental conditions: reduce pollution/GHG/chemical fertilizer & pesticides 3 Common Terms o Food Security: everyone has access to safe and good food; no concern with how/where produced o Food Self-sufficiency: ability to meet its own food needs locally; no concern with how produced o food sovereignty: right to control own food system (local markets, ecological resources, food cultures) o ^productivity& protecting biodiversity/soil fertility Sustainable Food Policy  Interactions: Urban Agriculture Farmers Grocery Provision Availability Waste Management market Stores of low of Street cost food meals Where food is Zoning, size Food Permitting Regulation & grown (i.e. permitting, banks/sta infrastructure/programs balconies) & bylaws mps for recovers & (where/how composting food waste operate) What can be Location Homeless Location grown (i.e. ban on (zoning) shelter backyard chicken in tdot) Where sale is Open Soup Safety allowed hours kitchen  Example: policy objectives to strengthen food security, self- sufficiency, sovereignty o protection of existing agricultural parcels: land use planning, zoning, bylaws URBAN FOOD SYSTEMS o centralization of food production, storage, processing, distribution: markets, “food hub”, restaurants o developing new methods to manage food waste: collection & composting; diversion of excess food to the needy(low$ store, food banks) Benefits:  many places to grow food in urban area (i.e. park, vacant lot, roof)
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