10 Land Use, Urban Form Part 2 Review.docx

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Ryerson University
Environment and Urban Sustainability
EUS 202
Christopher Greene

LAND USE, URBAN FORM Sustainable Community Design  New Urbanism: set of planning principles (planning paradigm) intended to combat sprawl neo-traditional town planning pedestrian pockets transit-oriented developments complete communities lasting communities o focus: suburban development o objective: retrofitting urban areas o urban villages (idea centered):  less automobile dependence  density ^^ to support rail transit o congress est. 1992; charter est. 1996  neighborhoods: diverse in use/population  communities: designed for pedestrian/transit/car  cities & town: shaped by physically defined and universally accessible public spaces and community institutions  urban places: framed by architecture & landscape design that celebrate local history/climate/ecology/building traditions  Opinions:  many developments self-identified with approach  some ignored ecological design principles (i.e. passive solar)  others ignored infrastructure considerations (i.e. use of greywater)  model old poor New Urban design: Celebration, Florida o neo-traditional by: Disney o mixed land use & connected street system o still determined by dominant transportation o mix of housing=^diversity & $ levels o no insurance of affordability over time  Smart Growth: response to automobile dependence (1970s) o planning paradigm similar to New Urbanism o transportation planners, land-use planners, architects o Goals: ^^ neighborhood livability LAND USE, URBAN FORM less traffic, ^ access to destinations ^ thriving cities/towns/suburbs through infill development ^equity lower infrastructure $, saved $=less taxes to residents keep open space open o Tools: ^mixed land use ^compact building designs ^options for housing walkable neighborhood protect & preserve open space, farmland, ecologically significant areas Focus development around existing communities ^options for transportation ^Collaboration b/w community & others(i.e. government)  Landscape Urbanism: o bioregional approach (commonly around watershed) o built environment+natural environment o criticisms:  less clarity about underlying principles  intellectually pretentious  Transit Oriented Development: growth=major transit centers & areas of frequent transit  cluster development: preserve ^areas of open space (shared) & concentrating housing/development in certain/smaller areas  lower impact developme
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