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Lecture 2

FNF 100 Lecture 2: Family Life: Definitions, Cultural Variations and Demographic Trends

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Family Studies
FNF 100
Dan Mahoney

Family Life: Definitions, Cultural Variations and Demographic Trends Portrait of Families and LivingArrangements in Canada: Families, Households and Marital Status 2011 Census (Statistics Canada (2012)) • environics analytics - collect data based on where you live (globe & mail article) • gives context on who is living in a certain neighbourhood (good for advertising and knowing your community & their needs) • university educated neighbourhoods = more health literacy, good at articulating their own health symptoms 2011 Census Families ■ 2011 Census enumerated over almost 9 million census families in Canada – up 5.5 % from 2006 ■ Married couples constituted the largest census family group (67%) - will most likely decrease in next census data ■ Their proportion has been steadily decreasing for the past 20 years Definition: Census Family? ■ Acensus family is composed of a married couple, or common-law couple, with or without children, or a lone parent living with at least one child in the same dwelling ■ Acouple can be of the opposite sex or of the same sex ■ Persons not in census families include persons living alone or individuals living with other relatives or non-relatives Non-Census Families ■ In 2011, about one-fifth or 20% of people aged 15 and over did not live in a census family ■ 13.5 lived alone ■ 4.5% lived with non-relatives ■ 4.5& lived with other relatives Family Life Persists… ■ Cohabiting couples with children, lone parents with children and legally married couples with children make up large portion of all Canadian households ■ More census families without children than with children - baby boomers are getting older, children moving out to start their own lives ■ Considerable diversity in household structure exist in Canadian Families ▯1 Family Portrait: Census 2011 - trends: married with children decreasing - married without children increasing (never had or moved out) - common law with children increase - common law without children increase Married Couples without Children: Census 2011 ■ Married couples with children living at home decreased from 37.4% of all census families in 2001 to 31.9% in 2011 ■ Increase of married couples without children may relate to the aging of the population ■ Baby boomers children are now adults and more likely to have left the parental home Proportion of Children living with Married Parents Continues to Decline - schools are emptying out (parents with older children staying in family home) - neighbourhoods are aging - “new baby boom” - news saying our generation will produce a lot of babies - 21st century large family is 3 children - common law parents are increasing Fertility Rates in Canada 
 (children born/woman) - fertility rates are down - 1.64 babies in 2000, 1.57 in 2008, 1.58 in 2011 Fertility Rates ■ The overall trend of fertility rates in Canada is down ■ Complex combination of factors: ■ Urbanization - housing/lifestyle (expensive) Women’s paid employment - delay/not at all have children ■ ■ Declining religiosity - religion is no longer guiding decisions as much/contraception ■ Increases in women’s educational attainment - higher education influences/delays decision to have children (& how many) ■ Improved contraception - readily available (women especially) Common-Law Couples!! Number of common-law couples increased 13.9% between 2006 and 2011 ■ ■ Rising 4 times the rate of married couples; and marginally surpassing the number of lone-parent families ■ Account for 16.7% of all census families Growing rapidly for all age groups, but especially for older age group ■ ▯2 Common-Law: Census 2006 - 2006 (almost 23% choosing common law) - dramatic increases from 1986-2006 - increasing in older couples (divorced, widowed, don't want to do it again) - still mostly young couples choosing common law What do These Increases Speak to? - increase in common law relationships suggests great social acceptance of the family structure - fewer perceived emotional or financial obligations than those associated with traditional marriage Common-Law Growth Rates: 2006 - living alone/without support can have health implications - higher levels of prosperity/longevity when people live together - 60-64 huge jump in common law couples Older Common-Law Couples!! Aging baby boomer population contribute to increase growth ■ ■ Become increasingly accepted by older generations ■ “Aging in Place” people who began living common-law in their 20’s continue this living arrangement as they age (take it for granted throughout life) Individuals still desire to be part of a couple, but they are less interested in remarriage - expense of remarriage Lone-Parent Families: Census 2011 ■ Lone parents represent 16.3% of all census families – slight increase since 2006 ■ Upward trend has stabilized since 2001 Majority of lone-parent families (80%) were comprised of women and their ■ children ■ Fairly consistent patterns in the census data over the past 20 years Proportion of Lone-Parent Families - DivorceAct of Canada: 1968 (Can
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