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Lecture 7

FNF 100 Lecture 7: Race and Ethnicity.

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Ryerson University
Family Studies
FNF 100
Dan Mahoney

Race and Ethnicity: An Important Health Issue Immigration Highlights: Census 2011 • In 2011, 20.6% of the total population were foreign-born - the highest proportion among the G8 countries. • Newcomers make up 17.2% of the foreign-born population and 3.5% of the total population in Canada. • Asia (including the Middle East) was Canada's largest source of immigrants during the past five years, although the share of immigration fromAfrica, Caribbean, Central and SouthAmerica increased slightly. Japan has a 1.0 foreign-born population (aging population) • Cultural Diversity in Toronto • Toronto ranked, second, behind Miami, Florida, in its list of the world's cities with the largest percentage of foreign-born population • Approximately to the 2011 National Household Survey, 48.6 percent of Torontonians are foreign born • “visible minority” 
 How do we define Ethnicity, Race, Culture and Nationality? • Impossible to define it to fit all categories Ethnicity: • common descent from a group of ancestors • customs, characteristics, language and experience • and/or a sense of common identity (hard to identify collectively) Subjective Meanings…. • highly subjective phenomenon • can vary between groups, between generations within the same group, between stages of life, and within individuals over time • not based on country of origin Ethnicity as Identity…. • Ethnicity is not an automatic membership • nor do people necessarily strongly relate to these definition of ethnicity • These definitions were constructed by the dominant groups to identify those individuals, and groups considered to be “new” in society ▯1 Culture…. • The sum of all ideas, beliefs, values, and knowledge which form the basis of social action Are enforced within a social group • • Are passed on from generation to generation Race and Nationality Race:Acategory of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a • society deem socially significant • Nationality: Status of belonging to a particular nation Understanding the Importance of Population Growth Through Immigration The Role of Immigration in Canada • National growth rates in the Canadian population has declined substantially between 1990 and 1995 • Aging population and declining birth rates • By the year 2020, Canada’s national growth rate will probably zero • The population growth in Canada will depend increasingly on immigration Immigration will have a positive impact on the growth and economy of the country • What role does ethnicity and immigration play in our understandings of family life experiences of new Canadians? Reasons for Migrating... • The reasons for migration plays an important role in the immigration process: • What the family was seeking • What was left behind - religious or political persecution, poverty • These life circumstances may greatly impact on the familial expectations and integration process Realities for New Canadian Families • Assimilation model… • Strong pressures to change and homogenize their family norms and behaviours • Men and women must work outside the home Changes in gender roles – power structure of households changes • • Reducing of extended family ATime of Great Change and Upheaval Changing family patterns • • Value clashes • Generational tensions • Part of the complex process of integration Immigration is a dynamic and multi-generational process • ▯2 Parenting Dilemmas in a New Country • Conflicts between the generations: Pressures to incorporate Western values vs. pressure to conform to old world • values can be a source of conflict and contention between parents and children • Preserving religious and/or cultural observances • Redefining gender expectations and family responsibilities Ideas about mate selection and child-rearing practices: • Formation of 2 Generation Families • Parents frequently find that they cannot sustain the expectations about the marriage of the first generation of Canadian-born in their families • For example: • Norms of late marriage may conflict with pressures for early dating and courting • Expectations of early marriage may conflict with Canadian pressure for giving children of both sexes a post-secondary education We as health researchers and practitioners will be faced with unde
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