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Lecture 2

History of Art FSN 132 Week 2 Lecture Notes

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FSN 132
Julia Scalzo

History of Art FSN 132 Week 2 Ancient Empires: Egypt and China (Chapter 3, W2) Palette of Narmer - Example of an image of power - Decorated in low relief - The central figure is the king – biggest and most important figure (hierarchical proportions) - Composite pose: Head and legs in profile view, and eye and upper torso in frontal view (convention of Egyptian art) - Conceptual, rather than naturalistic, because the body parts are arranged as they are understood, not seen (optical) - Comic strip (depicts different events) - 3100 B.C. - 3.1, 3.2 Pyramids Step Pyramid of King Zaser - Pyramids were not stand alone structures; they were built around other structures - 2630 – 2611 B.C. - 3.11 Colossal Structure of Khafre (Great Sphinx) - Human headed creature with a lions’ body - 2520 – 2494 B.C. - 3.15 Sculptures - Egyptian artists followed conventions for sculptures both in the round and in relief - The more important the person, the more the conventions were followed Seated Statue of Khafre - Conventional representation of a seated pharaoh (Egyptian monuments are generally representations of someone) - Idea of naturalism and idealism exists in Egyptian sculpture - 2520 – 2494 B.C. - 3.17a, 3.17b Menkaure and his Queen - Pose and expression of the Queen indicates that she is supporting him - Queen: more naturalistic pose, so she is less important than the king - Both are naturalistic, but idealized - 2490 – 2472 B.C. - 3.18a, 3.18b Prince Rahotep and his Wife - Male figures are dark. Female figures are pale - 2551 – 2528 B.C. - 3.19 Seated Scribe - The lower rank of the scribe allows the artist to reflect more of his individual identity - As someone moves further down the social ladder, they are less idealized – more realistic - 2551 – 2528 B.C. - 3.20 Stature of Hatshepsut as Pharaoh - A female pharaoh - Depicted as a man in statues (in order to be a pharaoh, sculptures must add a beard and hat to her) - 1473 – 1459 B.C. - 3.32 Nebamun Hunting Birds - Conventional Egyptian Pose: Eyes and torso is frontal, legs and head are in profile - Wife and daughter are smaller, and more curvilinear (convention of increasing naturalism as the rank goes down) - 1390 – 1352 B.C. - 3.35 Akhenaten and Nefertiti and Their Children - Akhenaten: first ‘pot be
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