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Art History Lecture.docx

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Ryerson University
FSN 232

Art History Lecture: Week 4 st The Battle of Issos, from the house of the Faun, Pompeii, 1 century B.C. after an original greek fresco of ca. 300 BC 5.13-.15 - Roman work of art - 3 dimensional form on a 2d surface 5.57 and 5.67 - same kind of material Very naturalistic in terms of proportion and details, there is a kind of drapery that exposes the body, the body is anatomically correct and the body is responding to whatever their suppose to be doing. The one on the right is more powerful and has more movement, there capturing a moment in time. Where as 5.57 seems to stop, the notion of time is not as dramatic with the block in the background. Classical is 5.57 and Hellenistic is 5.67, Hellenistic sculpture has a wide range of subject matter….most is dramatic but not everything. This is a classic comparison 5.62 and 5.68 Classical is 5.62 and Hellenistic is 5.68. This is all about bodies, in both instances the woman are young with healthy bodies. Aphrodite is a lot more erotic, it suggests shes younger and more revealing. In venus de milo there is more twist in her body and she is partially dressed, half naked. 5.52…5.73 and 5.74 5.54 and 5.73 5.54 has been re done and 5.73. the contect suggesyt in 5.54 their doing the same thing and in the opposite it suggests vary through the sculpture. In 5.54 there is independent objects and in 5.73 the action is more complex. As far as complexity there is more of a story in 5.73 where as in the first one they seem to be individual images. 5.73 has a lot more complexity in the shapes with drapery and muscle development. The composition represents a compelling story having the individuals react in a differnent way, 5.73 is working on your emotions comparing 5.39, Apollo is above the motion. A- b- he is Egyptian on account of the type of skirt, one foot is in front of the the other and there is dead stone. There is a head dress, well the shape of. There is naturalism and sometime idealized c- less naturalistic, archaic art, archaic smile still one foot forward but there is more balance between the feet A chieftain of the Gauls, ca 220 BC - there is no perfect place to see this sculpture from - no single privledged point of view - there is plenty of drama and its fun that we get into the drama by having to move around to see whats happening - the sculpture is showing off, with these different point of views Etruscan Art: Paestum (Greek colony) - located in Etruria 6.5 Estrucan and greek are very similar in the faces, buggy eyes, stylized hair and archaic smile Roman art Republic: 509-27 B.C Empire: 27 BC-AD 476  Both last for about 500 years, the world is more peaceful at this time and is much more stable. It is also important to remember there are lots of urban centres Important Terms For roman: fresco, portairture, triumphal arch, perspective and ollusionism Read pp 260-261 in ADAMS Art that is: Commemorative Narrative Decorative Part I: to the third century AD Patrician with Ancestor busts Ad 13 7.44 - importance derived from who was in your family, when is youre grandfather died there would be a death mask made of him - they would take the mask out and parade it around the town Julius ceasar, mid first century BC 7.42 - portrait of the reigning emperor on the coinage 7.45-46 7.51 -an emperor 7.47 - somewhat idealized 5.25-7.47 - there is a real balance in the composition in the figure 7.30-.32 - decorative outlets on the bottom. There is aprecession that wraps around. The procession is a portrait of the emperial family (7.31) The children are obviously very important, the craftsmanship and drapery is very naturalistic, the proprtions of the children are naturalistic. The children looks like he wants to be picked up suggesting a naturalistic detail Arch of titus (7.37 and .38) - a triumphral arch, there is classical forms supporting the entablature. The triumph is remembering the taking over of Jerusalem the images suggest the sacking of Jerusalem - 7.38 gives an idea how the roman legion w
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