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Lecture 2

Winter lecture 2 Art History: norther european art

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Ryerson University
FSN 232
Janna Eggebeen

(part of notes to ask for from Amy and Statia Veronese, Feast from the House of Levi 1. Nickname, Verona artist working in Venice 2. Same subject matter as Last Supper 3. Tradition of colourful banquet scenes 4. Got him into a lot of trouble, protestant reformation time, council of trent with the counter reformation 5. Trouble with the inquisition - too much realism 6. Mini dramas: drunk people, dwarves fighting - there was not the same tension as Last Supper 7. He argued that the artist had the freedom to make decisions of their own art 8. He ended up changing the title of the painting 9. Mannerism is tricky when it comes to religious subjects Tintoretto, The Last Supper, 1592 1. Nickname, ppls think his mentor was Titian 2. Very dramatic diagonal perspective 3. Still lots of stuff happening: rays of light and angels 4. Figures have duplicate poses 5. Most renaissance works were done in workshops painted by many people El Greco, Burial of Count Orgaz, 1586 1. Greek artist who trained in Venice, alone worker 2. Also worked with Titian, influenced by Venetian art 3. Ended up in Spain, worked for Philip II, mainly for aristocracy 4. Documents the life if a local saint 5. Twisted poses, free brushwork, emotional intensity 6. Counter-reformational work/ heaven and earth separate 7. Strange: the count's spirit is shown as a fetus in heaven 8. Identifiable people in the Earth part, artist included himself and son 9. One of the goals of the counter reformation was to reconnect with the lives of ordinary people 16th Century Northern European Art 1. Many countries split from the catholic church 2. Protestant became the religion of the people while catholicism became the religion for the rich 3. England became Anglican 4. Religious wars followed 5. Art market: middle class people start to buy art, changing from art that is commissioned to special orders 6. Now artists are making work in advance and stocking up Matthias Grunewald, Isenheim Altarpiece, 1510-15 1. For a hospital for skin diseases 2. Middle: crucifixion, left: Saint Sebastian (shot by arrows), right: Saint Anthony (associated with diseases from eating raw rye) 3. Very gothic conception that remains in style long past the demise since the high renaissance 4. Painting that's meant to connect patients, showing that Christ suffered just like them 5. When the altarpiece is opened: annunciation, nativity, virgin and child with angels, resurrection 6. Triumphant scenes of the religion 7. Heaven and earth become one in this, all conventions are ignored to make a powerful response 8. The artist was active in the peasant's war (rebellion in Germany and France) 9. Widespread social upheaval, his activism cost him commissions, no known works after the altarpiece Hieronymus Bach, Garden of earthly delights, 1505-15 1. Thought to be in a private house 2. Don't know what it depicts 3. Perhaps garden of Eden, Noah's arc, hell, sinful world before the flood 4. In the middle ages, strawberry is the symbol of sexuality, are they like...having an orgy under the strawberry? 5. Painting filled with strange details 6. Hell is depicted as really scary: dogs drinking blood 7. Bach is a social critic, opposite ideals of humanity in the renaissance 8. Was extremely popular in it's day: quite well known and may copies were made Peter Bruegel, Netherlandish Proverbs, 1559 9. He made copies of Bach, another Dutch artist 10.Stylistically, his stuff is similar 11.Travelled to Italy to see high renaissance, but was more interested in depicting situations around him 12.People were converting where he lived 13.People were breaking into pieces and breaking altarpieces, didn't want and saints or anything 14.Association with Catholicism and art 15.He had to change from religious subjects to things that weren't religious but still had meaning 16.Turned to p
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