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Lecture 7

FSN 132 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Latin, Cella, Death Mask

Course Code
FSN 132
Kimberly Wahl

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Art History – Week 7
Oct 27
Roman Republic
500 bc – 27 bc
kings in various regions
senate and kings
republican system began
nearly 1 million people
kings only had power if senate approved
even though greek practices were there, the romans ruled
swallow up, govern and assimilate cultures
romans looked to greek art
roman population
upper class
lower class
275 BC
romans controlled italian peninsula
46 BC
Julius Caesar
Assassinated 44 BC
Roman leaders understood publicity
often had propagandistic pieces commissioned
roman empire continued to expand
roman legions
took cultures, laws, and latin language
brought increase in standard of living
roads, art, prestige, money
religion and art:
counterparts or reframing of greek gods
roman artists copied greek art
romans imported greek pieces
although greek monumental paintings didn't survive but heavily influenced
romans more interested in real history than myth
roman reliefs show real events rather than mythical events
roman art does not show clear evolution of style
very variable
romans took barrel vaulting to the next level – monumental scale
two barrel vaults at right angles is called a grain or cross vault
romans finessed the arch
pieces of arch called voussoirs
keystone is the middle piece at the top
arches work well because weight is distributed to the ground
romans used brick and marble

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marble facings used over brick base
concrete integral to romans building
traverteen – hard durable limestone that hardened to yellow
Patricians – high class
lived well
roman house had atrium
romans loved water
compluvium – hole in the ceiling
impluvium – basin underneath the hole in the ceiling
claristory windows in the rooms to let in light, but not side windows
inside of the building is what is important
romans first culture to develop apartment blocks
called Insuli
could be high as 5 storeys
also social spaces
main floor
commercial spaces
Emperor housing
invented country villas to get out of the city
18th century
statues from Hadiran's Villa are excavated and found all over europe
“The Grand Tour”
part of a rite of passage
wealthy young men
began in 18th century
travelled around to great sites of cultural importance
Roman and Imperial Forums
public space was very important
Monumental buildings with wide open spaces for public gatherings
collonade on 3 sides
basilica on 4th
originally made for market place
evidence of over 200 rooms in Trajan's Forums
romans very interested in spectacle
large roofed building
serves as template for later christian churches
transactions made here
religious/civic statues at one end
public Bathing
Emperor Caracalla
most spectacular baths
social environment
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