FSN 232 Lecture Notes - Death Mask, Pont Du Gard, Caracal

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
Ryerson University
Department
Fashion
Course
FSN 232
Professor
Page:
of 5
Art History Lecture: Week 4
The Battle of Issos, from the house of the Faun, Pompeii, 1st century B.C. after an original greek
fresco of ca. 300 BC
5.13-.15
- Roman work of art
- 3 dimensional form on a 2d surface
5.57 and 5.67
- same kind of material
Very naturalistic in terms of proportion and details, there is a kind of drapery that exposes
the body, the body is anatomically correct and the body is responding to whatever their suppose
to be doing. The one on the right is more powerful and has more movement, there capturing a
moment in time. Where as 5.57 seems to stop, the notion of time is not as dramatic with the block
in the background. Classical is 5.57 and Hellenistic is 5.67, Hellenistic sculpture has a wide range
of subject matter….most is dramatic but not everything. This is a classic comparison
5.62 and 5.68
Classical is 5.62 and Hellenistic is 5.68. This is all about bodies, in both instances the
woman are young with healthy bodies. Aphrodite is a lot more erotic, it suggests shes younger and
more revealing. In venus de milo there is more twist in her body and she is partially dressed, half
naked.
5.52…5.73 and 5.74
5.54 and 5.73
5.54 has been re done and 5.73. the contect suggesyt in 5.54 their doing the same thing and
in the opposite it suggests vary through the sculpture. In 5.54 there is independent objects and in
5.73 the action is more complex. As far as complexity there is more of a story in 5.73 where as in
the first one they seem to be individual images. 5.73 has a lot more complexity in the shapes with
drapery and muscle development. The composition represents a compelling story having the
individuals react in a differnent way, 5.73 is working on your emotions
comparing 5.39, Apollo is above the motion.
A-
b- he is Egyptian on account of the type of skirt, one foot is in front of the the other and
there is dead stone. There is a head dress, well the shape of. There is naturalism and sometime
idealized
c- less naturalistic, archaic art, archaic smile still one foot forward but there is more
balance between the feet
A chieftain of the Gauls, ca 220 BC
- there is no perfect place to see this sculpture from
- no single privledged point of view
- there is plenty of drama and its fun that we get into the drama by having to move
around to see whats happening
- the sculpture is showing off, with these different point of views
Etruscan Art: Paestum (Greek colony)
- located in Etruria
6.5
Estrucan and greek are very similar in the faces, buggy eyes, stylized hair and archaic
smile
Roman art
Republic: 509-27 B.C
Empire: 27 BC-AD 476
Both last for about 500 years, the world is more peaceful at this time and is much
more stable. It is also important to remember there are lots of urban centres
Important Terms
For roman: fresco, portairture, triumphal arch, perspective and ollusionism
Read pp 260-261 in ADAMS
Art that is:
Commemorative
Narrative
Decorative
Part I: to the third century AD
Patrician with Ancestor busts Ad 13
7.44
- importance derived from who was in your family, when is youre grandfather died
there would be a death mask made of him
- they would take the mask out and parade it around the town
Julius ceasar, mid first century BC
7.42
- portrait of the reigning emperor on the coinage
7.45-46
7.51
-an emperor
7.47
- somewhat idealized
5.25-7.47
- there is a real balance in the composition in the figure
7.30-.32
- decorative outlets on the bottom. There is aprecession that wraps around. The
procession is a portrait of the emperial family (7.31) The children are obviously very
important, the craftsmanship and drapery is very naturalistic, the proprtions of the
children are naturalistic. The children looks like he wants to be picked up suggesting a
naturalistic detail
Arch of titus (7.37 and .38)
- a triumphral arch, there is classical forms supporting the entablature. The triumph is
remembering the taking over of Jerusalem the images suggest the sacking of Jerusalem
- 7.38 gives an idea how the roman legion would be going trhough the town after
triumph, this is a real event that happened. It commemorates a particular event
7.33 and 7.34
- a single column and a continuous band with spirals up it, it represents the battle of
ancient…the human figures are at one scale and everything is smaller…narrative because
its telling a story and commemorative
Eruption of Mount Vesuvius AD 79
5.13
- the mosaic is made up stone.
The Frescos deal with style
7.54 and.56
wall is brick then they put plaster over and then they paint, as long as the plaster survives the
painting will survive. You do the wall in pieces, there is modeling foreshortening and shadowing.
The allusion of depth is exciting, there are pre marble veneers and a shelf that looks as if its 3 or 4
feet deep and then the wall…the concept of depth. This is featured in a normal house,
7.58
the parts of the image relate to the frame, there is contrast on a vertical plain
Still life from herculameum c. 50 AD
House of the vetii 7.62 and.63
- there is lots of levels of reality suggesting space
7.62
- the background is small, showing naturalism
landscape with boats, 1st century AD
- the people big making the building seem closer, since 1425 we have understood many
scientific perspective. This is eyeballing things, not very accurate
Review of Architecture
- in archietecture romans do extraordinary things
3.27
the columns are vertical and lintels are horizontal. The roof in the center is higher then on the side
to allow windows. The windows under the rood are clerestory windows
The greek temple revolves around post and lintel construction, the basic shape is from myceanean
megaron (4.17) the entrance is on the short side, the columns are on the outside of the greek
building
Evolution of the Doric Order
- the earliest one is doric and the later one is ionic, at a time they were fiddling around
with proportion. Before they carried a heavy entablature
- the column itself becomes thinner
The problem with the ionic corner capital
- there is a nice front but a funny side, looks like paper rolled up
the solution to this funny awkward corner they created the Corinthian post, the greeks
invented it but the romans used it extensively
the Corinthian is more fancy
Post and Lintel
Post and beam
Trabeated Construction
Greek Doric Temple, in Italy ca. 460 BC NIT
Etruscan temple, 6.1

Document Summary

The battle of issos, from the house of the faun, pompeii, 1st century b. c. after an original greek fresco of ca. 3 dimensional form on a 2d surface. Very naturalistic in terms of proportion and details, there is a kind of drapery that exposes the body, the body is anatomically correct and the body is responding to whatever their suppose to be doing. The one on the right is more powerful and has more movement, there capturing a moment in time. Where as 5. 57 seems to stop, the notion of time is not as dramatic with the block in the background. Classical is 5. 57 and hellenistic is 5. 67, hellenistic sculpture has a wide range of subject matter . most is dramatic but not everything. This is all about bodies, in both instances the woman are young with healthy bodies. Aphrodite is a lot more erotic, it suggests shes younger and more revealing.