GEO 509 Lecture 1: GEO 509 Complete Notes-FULL

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11 Aug 2016
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September 14, 2015
Geo 509 – Week 2
Older Foods that are consumed:
Cheese
Wine  the older it gets the more expensive and worthier they are
Vinegar
Orange roughy fish  live very deep, and live very long around 100-150 years old, grow slowly, found
very deep in the ocean, tasteful
Turtle  oldest turtle living today is 175 years old
Eggs  people like eggs to be fresh, in the Chinese community there are eggs that are 1000 years old, if egg
floats horizontally it means it is fresh, if it floats vertically it means it is an older egg
Northern were very fond of eggs and chicken
Empress, Olivia hatched her own egg
Large quantities of egg whites was used in the shipping industry, there was a lot of leftover yolk
In certain cultures eggs are very important,
Portuguese custard tart was invented, suppress of eggs, particularly egg yolks, lots of whites were
used for ship, for commentary, starch in clothes, whites were often used to clarify wines, you could
use whites to clarify broths as well, clarify cloudy liquids, effective glue which was used to attach
samples for microscope inspection
Food truck in London, England that specializes in the custard tarts
Oldest thing we’ve ever eaten has never lived: WATER
Oldest thing we’ve ever eaten: SALT (comes from mines) salt is formed in ancient salt water basins
Oldest thing: Peat (fossil fuel essential, used to garden as well)
Peat: organic material that accumulates in wetland (dead material) –in Ireland they cut a lot of
peat for heating fireplaces and bog butter is found buried within the peat
Peat butter, came from peat bogs, vary from over 100 years old, shown in pic was 300 years old
Irish faced frequent wars so they buried their butter to protect it and keep it
How attitudes have changed towards foods overtime
Food industry provides many jobs for immigrants
Society’s understanding of what us healthy and unhealthy has changed profoundly
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Popular cookbook – Hana glass – contained a lot of good recipes and advice
She says she heard of a cook that has used 6 pounds of butter to fry eggs when everyone only really
needs half a pound
Chicago daily news published a cook book in the 30s called a practical guide to ….. – Was regarded as
sensible household advice
Book that was published in 1930 in Chicago, called the Chicago daily news cookbook
Section in book called “how to gain weight”, book provides six rules/chapters on how to gain weight,
1. cut down on the output to gain weight, reduce your expenditure and slow up, exercise less, need
to relax
2. sleep more at night, take a rest period during the day
3. ride more and walk less
4. sit more and stand less,
5. choose only light forms of exercise,
6. if possible rest in bed for one or two weeks
Most expensive food that you’ve ever eaten:
Scotch  $450 bottle larry’s wife bought (older, the stronger the taste)
Truffles
is called a truffle because it assembles a fungus grown underground,
White truffles comes from Italy and France, and other comes from two parts of Paris.
Pigs dig up for truffles if they ever find one.
Small truffles can go a long way,
expensive,
60-80% are sold between the black market
Taste: nutty bitter taste, pungent
Small black truffle may cost $40-50 (half ounce)
Tea  Asian tea
Caviar  sturgeon caviar (salt and fish)
Saffron
oSpain is a major producer, Iran, Mediterranean,
oExpensive because each flower has only three stigmas, which get picked and hand dried; lots of
work needs to be put into in, handpicked from plants, etc.
oTakes tens of thousands of individual strands to produce one ounce of saffron
oA very little goes a long way
o14000 required to produce one pound
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ois the most expensive spice
Neahlams, like bounty bars on steroids
Revolutions
Humans have 2 basic instincts – nourishment and sex
One major revolutions was farming
The other major one was the industrialization – producing and manufacturing food – the way we ate
changed
More and more people moved to cities because they were no longer needed for food production and they
began to rely on others for it rather than doing it themselves
Adultery
By the end of the 19th century in the Western Europe, virtually everything that people ate, were eating food that
were adultery.
Adulterated: food that is modified in a way by people that makes it different by the way it was naturally,
addition of chemical substance foods, to preserve the food, make it last longer, change texture/ appearance, trick
someone into buying foods.
People moved away from the country side so they had to rely on foods that was produced by others
We have to have confidence and integrity to eat foods produced by other people
Manufactured foods  there are addition of substances to extend the life of food, appearance, food is
coloured, change of textures, modified tastes, made with cheap ingredients
Majority of people around the world are eating adulterated foods
Now we are starting to understand the implications of adulterated food
How much food do you eat?
On average a human will eat 50 tonnes of food in a lifetime
55 000 tonnes of liquid over a lifetime
Average Canadian/American eats 2000 calories per day, some consume far more
Michael Phelps (one of the greatest Olympians) consumed 12000 calories per day, 37 pounds of food
per day
Keep two things in mind – balance the amount of food and eat difference foods
Nutritional index – assigns foods a score between 1 to 100 to reflect the overall nutrition relative to the
calories consumed
We always tend to find new ways on how to eat more healthier
Broccoli, orange, blueberries, healthy options to eat (have 100 points)
Sodas have a nutrition value of 1 (not healthy)
Everything we eat has to be killed including plants
Our diets are based on the killing industry for the most part
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