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Lecture

GEO 793 Lecture Notes - Brownfield Land, Toronto Pearson International Airport, New Urbanism


Department
Geography
Course Code
GEO 793
Professor
Cynthia Mason

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More Toronto, naturally buttoo strange for Orangeville‟: De-universalizing New
Urbanism in Greater Toronto
- Importance of managing suburban growth, while intensifying and redeveloping
discussed urban land, have supported the experimentation with the New Urbanism
- The GTA is the largest and fastest growing metropolitan region in Canada
- There is a perceived need for systematic changes to how and where residential
development and its supporting infrastructure are planned, designed and built has
given way to a wave of support throughout political and economic circles, including
contingents of the development and building industry, for re-using derelict and
under-utilized urban land
- Experiments of New Urbanism received planning permission in the early-to-mid
1990s
- New urbanism extended from the suburban context into the city, and with this has
come the blurring of the hitherto essentialised division of Toronto‟s regional
homebuilding industry into “greenfield” and “brownfield” producers, products, and
markets
- Sprawling is negative because it takes away the farm land and creates a lot of traffic
(main traffic is the boundary to where people enter and exit the suburbs)
- Don Mills- in response to the post-war housing demand and a reaction to poor
quality homes created as part of an immigration-fuelled construction boom, it was
conceived as a total community or new town not merely a showcase of mass housing
production capabilities
It wanted to promote an inclusive design encouraging a range of housing
forms and prices while maximizing the amenities of public open space, the
Don Mills model became the default form of suburban development
- The influence of automobile on the design of residential spaces has, for some cities,
pre-empted any opportunity to redesign and redevelop sprawling suburbs
- But suburbanization is not only occurring in the suburbs but the city itself
- The boom of condominium development and big-box and car-oriented retail centers
couple with the influx of large-scale single-family infill housing development
schemes on brownfield lands has promoted observations that development practices
are “suburbanizing”
- Four empirical case studies drawn from a larger research project on New Urbanism
in Toronto completed n late 2005:
New urbanism is unique in its attempt to exploit and develop flexibility
within the conventions of modern development practice and policy, but this
revolutionary propensity has not emerged unscathed or unaltered
One suggestion was to design a new urban design for developments
(houses)
Must have all elements to make area livable without the need for cars
Friendly neighbourhood= sense of community
Ex: if garage is attached into the home, people do not see their neighbors or
socialize with them
If no indoor garage front porch, garden, etc., it encourages people to
socialize to each other and create a sense of community
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