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GEO 106 (110)

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Ryerson University
GEO 106
Shavin Malhotra

Week2Spatical concepts and spatial dynamicsThe nature of geographySpatial interaction area differentiation spatial organization Cultural relativity and cognitive filteringThe concept of truth is relativeThe Research PraxisSpace location place site situationAttributes of space distance direction area What where why who when howAn individual needs to be numerate and articulate qualitative and very descriptive in your analysisFor instance if I have to travel from here to where how long and what the distance in betweenPattisons four traditions1964Asthenosphere weak layer1Area studies regional geographyThe study of a regions characteristic and attributesRichard hartshone2HumanLand environmental geographyHow humans change and are changed by their environmentEllen Churchill Sample moon is the product of the earthEnvironmental determinism environment controls our condition the type of occupation we engaged in Possibilism devoted by Vidal de la blachethe ability to transform the environment environemt influences our action and thinking 3Spatiallocation geography The analysis of general patterns in location space place distance direction and orientationConcretedescription Abstractprescribe what things should be4Earth studies physical geography The study of the lithosphere biosphere atmosphere and hydrosphereWeek 3Cultural relativity and cognitive filtering The story of RerabawaMalinowski and cultural relativityMaking oatmeal in the jungleRice is nice but bread insteadTechNo fixesCognitive filteringCognition is the mental mechanism through which we process information and includes perception memory recall language decision making action etcCognitive personality geodemographics ability socioeconomics cultures The research praxis What is it where is it located when is it from who develops it how why Began with description Ideographic explanation nomothetic The research stepsDescribe what does it look like What happened Descriptive tools and observationExplain why does it look that way Why did it happen Theory hypothesis and conceptPredict what is going to happened Forecasting and monitoring Prescribewhat can we do about itneed s assessment and planning Geographic concepts Distance Five typesToronto to KabulLinear distance10650kmTime distance 13 hrs Cognitive distancenot far enoughCultural difference worlds apart Social distance much differentDistance decaythe most fundamental of spatial constructsThe interaction between two objects declines with distance between them Tobler1970 Said everythingis related to everything else The closer things are more related than distance things Textbook p12 Transferring the geometric properties of a sphere onto a flat map requires different projections for different attributesYou cannot with a single projection preserve all attributes direction area and distance SEP 16Sale and chaosThe big picture about and small
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