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GEO509 Week 1-5 lecture notes
GEO509 Week 1-5 lecture notes

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Ryerson University
GEO 509
Hersch Jacobs

Week One - Freshly laid eggs: lay horizontally in water - Romans loves eggs - Livia, the empress, wife of Augustus (Whom lives at the time of Christ) loved chicken & eggs o She hatched a chicken egg by bounding it b/w her breasts - Salt: deposits in Ontario areas are hundreds of millions of years old - Hanna Glasse o Wrote a famous cookbook (art of cookery) o “6 pounds of butter to fry 12 eggs… only need ½ pounds of butter” - “output” = energy - Kobe (Brand) Beef o Popularized in Japan o The cows lived a privileged life (i.e. fed periodically) o “wygu” beef o Tender + flavourful + expensive meat - Expensive Foods o Kobe Beef o Caviar o Abilorii ( type of fish from off the shores of California) o White truffle (Italy) o Saffron (14,000 stigmas = 1 saffron thread) - Average North American, each person, eats about 50 tonnes of food for a lifetime, drinks 55 000 litres of liquid - 2000 calories/day - Michael Phelps (Olympic swimmer) o 12000 calories / day o 37 pounds of food/day - Average Canadian consumes 21 000 animals in a lifetime - Race Against Time (Steven Lewis) o How modern economics, creates unfair economic conditions in the developing world  The EU supports European Agriculture beyond the point it logical from economic perspective.  EU provides a subsidy for every single cow of $12 per day. - Study conducted in 2005 in childhood obesity o Canada ranked 4 (4 fattest children out of 34 countries) o Malta (first), USA (second), England (Third - 100 years ago, fat people were considered wealthy - Chicken you buy vs. 35 years ago o 3X more fat - Roast chicken o 6X fat than protein - A single roasted chicken leg + skin contains more fat than a big mac (w/o skin, much less). - * 1/5 Americans (20%) live on a diet with 10 or fewer foods. Week Two - Picking your teeth (oldest habit) - Oldest primary economic activity: fishing, farming - Agriculture: most economic activity - 1/3 of the total lands surface is devoted to agriculture - 2% of Canada’s population is engaged in agriculture - Un-developed/developing nations are 50% engaged in agriculture - 8000 years before Christ: happened agriculture - Attitude of land was different (aboriginals) with agriculture - Agriculture requires a sense of co-operation, a sense of community - An Ox was the important animal - An Ox is a nutured bull (it’s castrated) - One Ram for 70 Ewes - Male Holsteen: Veal - Life expectancy of a male Holsteen is very smell (usually die when young) - Advances in brewery (dark ages) - Cheese was also from the monks & nuns (dark ages) - Originated from England: Oka - Rice (Principle grain in India) - Wheat (Principle grain in western countries) - Corn/Maize (Principle grain in North America) - Potato (South America) - Business of farming (growing enough food) - Brilliant * o Originated “tell me what you eat, & I’ll tell you who you are”  Basically saying “I can interpret you on the basis of what you eat (your diet)” - Nimes – denim origin - Food we eat defines our lives Week three - Panorama is the British equivalent of CBC 60 Minutes - Will appear in exams o No shortage of food, there is a shortage of money o Unequal distribution of wealth o 100 people in room representing global – 70 non-white, 70 non-Christian, o 100 people – 70 not be able to read, 70 illiterate, 50 suffering from malnutrition o 100 people – 80 live in substandard adequate housing o 100 people – 70 would have never made or taken a phone call o 100 people – one would have a college or university education o 100 people – 6 would control half of the wealth in the room (global wealth) o If you went through the shelves of grocery stores 70 years ago in Canada, average would have 900 different items.  Today, (Sobeys, Loblaw’s, no frills) it would stock 25000 different items. o Another privilege in Canada: the price of food (not the lowest, but it is cheap)  Cheap in absolute terms (if you go into a Toronto grocery store and buy an orange, it would cost less than one in Florida where it was produced)  And you can say that for a lot of food items o REASONS: 1.) In Canada we have a substantial agricultural base where we can produce a lot of food 2.) We have large supermarket chains, which have the power to negotiate relatively low prices for food, regardless of where they originated. - No country as big as the USA with regards to agriculture o Which means that the food costs are relatively low - Samba – made out of roasted barley flower (Tibetans eat it in the morning, noon, and dinner) - In China until 1939 most Chinese in the rice growing regions, mostly ate rice - Week Four Perils of Food (Image of human evolution to a fat person) explanation: - Growing concerns of appropriate eating - Why is the global population becoming larger - One reason we’re getting bigger: Eating more fast food (more fat) - The Economist article based on lansat (medical journal), compared levels of obesity through geographical patterns. Also talked about historical patterns (how have people changed in terms of weight, over time). The articles looked at Time and Space o It found with one small exception, obesity was a “rich man/woman’s disease” in the 1980’s. - If you have a BMI of under 18.5, you are too thin - 18.5-24.9 you are normal - If you are between 25-29.9 you are overweight Productivity Map: designed to suggest that certain kinds of food have certain kinds of functions. I.e. foods that improve our digestion and contribute to sleep. Energy and Brain Foods: - Eggplant - Raisins - Lima beans - Corn - Figs - Tuna - Spinach 2012 marks an important anniversary: - Is the 100 anniversary of the discovery of vitamins (discovered in 1912) o The reason food is beneficial for us related to the vitamin content in large measures o Discovered by a Dutch man, Cornelius Pekelharing - We all need 50 essential nutrients. 15 consist of vitamins. 15 essential vitamins humans need to be healthy. 21 are minerals. 11 are amino acids. o Main point: when we talk about nutrition, it is essentially an exercise in taking from our diets, and ensur
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