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The Inner Suburbs.docx

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Ryerson University
GEO 793
Cynthia Mason

The Inner Suburbs - The decline of the inner suburbs: North York, Scarborough, and Etobicoke - The response to urban crowding, industrial pollution, and a booming population in North America was to create new suburban neighbourhoods - Industry was carefully separated from residences, large homes with generous lots were accessible to the middle class, and the automobile was seen as a quick, efficient, and affordable way to get around th - The majority of inner suburb neighbourhoods in the 20 century had a urban form of: dominated by the automobile, strip malls, industrial buildings, and public housing, with few community amenities or historical buildings - Middle-class families started to movie either downtown or to suburban cities like Markham or Brampton leaving the inner-suburban neighbourhoods declining - These changes have been identified as a part of a broader trend of income polarization in Toronto - The Three Cities of Toronto: A Phenomenon of Income Polarization: 1. City #1 has seen incomes rise by 20%  Ex: neighbourhoods close to the Yonge subway line in North York 2. City #2 has remained essentially static 3. City #3 are in the inner suburbs and has seen income drops by 20%  There is significant variation, and further study has sub-classified these neighbourhoods into 4 categories: a) Group A: Larger households, higher-than-average economic status, newer owner-occupied single-family homes, many foreign- born non-whites, especially Chinese b) Group B: More seniors, average economic status, older owner- occupied housing, largely white population c) Group C: Mixed socio-economic status, higher levels of education, more rental apartments, many foreign-born recent immigrants, South-Asians and other non-white visible minorities d) Group D: More single-parent families, lower economic status and education levels, rental apartments and social housing, more children, largely blacks and other visible minorities - Causes of Inner Suburb’s Decline: 1. Preference for the built form of older downtown  Value of characteristics such as short blocks, small shops and parks,
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