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GEO 793 (145)

More Toronto.docx

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Ryerson University
GEO 793
Cynthia Mason

More Toronto, naturally but „too strange for Orangeville‟: De-universalizing New Urbanism in Greater Toronto - Importance of managing suburban growth, while intensifying and redeveloping discussed urban land, have supported the experimentation with the New Urbanism - The GTA is the largest and fastest growing metropolitan region in Canada - There is a perceived need for systematic changes to how and where residential development and its supporting infrastructure are planned, designed and built has given way to a wave of support throughout political and economic circles, including contingents of the development and building industry, for re-using derelict and under-utilized urban land - Experiments of New Urbanism received planning permission in the early-to-mid 1990s - New urbanism extended from the suburban context into the city, and with this has come the blurring of the hitherto essentialised division of Toronto‟s regional homebuilding industry into “greenfield” and “brownfield” producers, products, and markets - Sprawling is negative because it takes away the farm land and creates a lot of traffic (main traffic is the boundary to where people enter and exit the suburbs) - Don Mills- in response to the post-war housing demand and a reaction to poor quality homes created as part of an immigration-fuelled construction boom, it was conceived as a total community or new town not merely a showcase of mass housing production capabilities  It wanted to promote an inclusive design encouraging a range of housing forms and prices while maximizing the amenities of public open space, the Don Mills model became the default form of suburban development - The influence of automobile on the design of residential spaces has, for some cities, pre-empted any opportunity to redesign and redevelop sprawling suburbs - But suburbanization is not only occurring in the suburbs but the city itself - The boom of condominium development and big-box and car-oriented retail centers couple with the influx of large-scale single-family infill housing development schemes on brownfield lands has promoted observations that development practices are “suburbanizing” - Four empirical case studies drawn from a larger research project on New Urbanism in Toronto completed n late 2005:  New urbanism is unique in its attempt to exploit and develop flexibility within the conventions of modern development practice and policy, but this revolutionary propensity has not emerged unscathed or unaltered  One suggestion was to design a new urban design for developments (houses)  Must have all elements to make area livable without the need for cars  Friendly neighbourhood= sense of community  Ex: if garage is attached into the home, people do not see their neighbors or socialize with them  If no indoor garage front porch, garden, etc., it encourages people to socialize to each other and create a sense of community  A new Urban community with some conventional designs - Brownfield Sites: area within the city mostly [The Beach and King West Village] - Greenfield Sites: areas within the suburbs [Cornell and Montgomery Village] 1. Cornell, Town of Markham:  Supposed to be use for creating a second international airport on the east end (compliment Pearson Airport which is on the West end)  Originally conceived as an affordable housing demonstration project on government land made redundant from the shelved proposal for a second major international airport  A joint venture between the Province of Ontario and the Town of Markham was formally initiated to undertake the demonstration project and to create affordable housing using the area  Markham did not have the money to build residential community by itself so they sold the land to private owners  The Cornell lands were sold to private development consortium, Law Development Group, who agreed to maintain the New Urbanism of DPZ‟s conceptual plans and to meet the site-specific regulations  The creation of Cornell has been successful since  Mixed tradition with a new urban design even though it was intended to be all new urban design 2. Montgomery Village, Town of Orangeville:  Almost the same as Cornell, Markham  Located in the town of Orangeville northwest of downtown Toronto  Project to introduce what was then referred to as “neo-traditional” design in the area
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