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Diversity and Immigrant Needs Textbook Notes.docx

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Ryerson University
GEO 793
Cynthia Mason

Diversity and Immigrant Needs: Examining Toronto Through a Place-Based Approach - Issue: addressing needs of immigrants and diverse communities- using a place-based approach - What is a place-based approach? 1. Recognition that place matters not only for its physical characteristics but also because people develop attachment to it (sense of place) 2. Involvement of all stakeholders in developing shared meanings around place 3. Involvement of all stakeholders in establishing priorities for action 4. All stakeholders’ needs are addressed - Policy considerations that connect diversity and growing immigrant community needs in many Canadian cities - A place-based approach can be viewed as “the process by which people living in, or having a connection to an area try to find common ground for what the area means to them… by seeking to realize their mutual understanding through a collaborative and consensual approach to community building and neighbourhood renewal” - Recognize and promote the contributions of ethno-cultural communities to the growth and well-being of Canadian cities - Some key findings include: 1. Acknowledgement that some institutional arrangements at the federal, provincial, and local orders for managing the needs of immigrant and diverse communities would benefit if a place-based approach was adopted to address particular local issues 2. The need to focus on new social and political networks that can offer innovative and consensus building solutions at the neighbourhood level in selected cities 3. Applying a place-based approach requires careful consideration and the involvement of community leaders who are able to contribute fully to this process 4. A place-based approach to policy-making is particularly useful for addressing immigrant settlement needs and for many of the challenges posed by increasingly diverse Canadian communities - Methods/ Approaches:  Value of a place-based approach, as a means for responding to some of the current urban challenges in many Canadian cities, forms the core of this work  Enables us to identify ways to assist immigrant and diverse communities within our cities in terms of policies that promote their local needs at the neighbourhood level  Recognizes the diversity of cities and communities and proposes solutions that fit with local needs, but are within the governance structures and funding arrangements in Canada’s federal system - Urban health issues are often connected to: low-employment rates, limited access to early childhood education, absence of reliable educational services for adults, inadequate housing, growing environmental risks, and reduced public transit service - Three factors that help account for a renewed interest in cities are: 1. Some cities have moved beyond their domestic boundaries and now occupy strategic places on the international economic stage 2. The growing ethno-cultural diversity of some cities requires new approaches to solving major social problems 3. The rise of new social movements has contributed to challenges to the status quo within many cities. This has led to the recognition of different types of right-based communities focused on: gender, ethno-cul
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