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Lecture

Housing Experiences of Black Africans in Toronto Textbook Note.docx

3 Pages
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Department
Geography
Course Code
GEO 793
Professor
Cynthia Mason

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Housing Experiences of Black Africans in Toronto’s Rental Market: A Case Study of Angolan and Mozambican Immigrants - The housing experiences of two relatively recent African immigrant groups- the Angolans and the Mozambicans- in Toronto’s rental market through an analysis of their settlement experiences, housing-search processes, and ultimate outcomes - One of the most commonly cited barriers is prejudice and discrimination by landlords based on race or skin colour - Toronto’s black community is the third- largest visible minority group in the country after Chinese and South Asians - Teixeira:  Toronto ethnic diversity  Toronto’s new immigrant groups: 1. Cultural and racial heterogeneity:  In the past, only welcome European and other immigrant groups for workers  System changed to the point system without any reference to race, religion, or country in which we cannot reject immigrants  We can reject immigrants if the candidate does not speak English 2. Socio-economic heterogeneity:  Immigrants were skilled and were low-income who had some money to afford the travel fares to arrive in Canada  Canada can only accept a number of refugees each year with low to no-income  Immigrants must be able to pass the point system; is not based on income - Toronto’s Black Community Includes (people with Black skin, but they are all different based on traditions, language, religion):  Black Canadians and Americans  Black South Americans  Black Africans  Caribbean Blacks - New Immigrants’ Settlement Patterns:  Immigrants’ barriers in Canadian housing markets: 1. Economic disadvantage and housing costs  Rent is too high- one of the most expensive housing markets in Canada  Must start at the bottom and make their way up 2. Lack of knowledge about the functioning of housing markets  Do not known how housing markets works such as tenant’s rights 3. Lack of fluency in English and/or French  Difficult to negotiate with landlords for housing 4. Racism  Some landlords may refuse housing for some ethnic groups - Portuguese-speaking Angolans and Mozambicans (1990-2005):  Reasons for immigrating (ex: political refugees or for economic reasons- better living environment and physical safety or political freedom)  Immigration status upon arrival (ex: skilled status or refugee status)  Age upon arrival (ex: relatively young)  Household status (ex: arrive alone, not with family in hopes that conditions in home country will improve)  Pre-existing social networks (ex: few because they are recent immigrant groups who do not have deep roots in the Toronto community)  Relations with the Portuguese community (ex: they move from time to time because rent is too expensive, searching for better housing conditions, and size of housing) - Residential Mobility and House Searching Process: a) The most important reasons for moving b) Information s
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