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GEO 911
Hersch Jacobs

Jan 14. 2011 Lecture #1 Life expectancy at birth: 81.29 yrs (total population) -male: 78.72 yrs -female: 84 yrs 2003 2010 : life expectancy has gone up Western- Developed Countries Why has it gone up? (Life expectancy) - Relevant to us, puts a burden on us - Elderly are living longer - Over 80/85 surviving has gone up. (Retired people dont contribute to the economy, not working, they consume a lot of health care) - More money, live longer - Significant difference of life expectancy between males and females - Ancestors life expectancy under 30 Dangerous events are on going and obvious - Cumulative - Sickness - Environmental catastrophes Catch22- Book: character said he was going to live forever, or die in the attempt. Lovers in a dangerous time Bruce Cobrin. - We escape major catastrophic events - Earth is 5-6 billions years old - Over 99.9% of organisms that have lived will become extinct (at some point the sun will too) - Sperm cell = smallest cell egg cell= largest cell We dont understand what risk means, the chance and probability. - US congressman, someone proposed a bill to fund medical research, the congressman voted against the bill. He felt there was no sense in spending money, because he felt if you found a cure for a disease a new one would kill you. - We as young ppl arent pre occupied with death as much as the elderly. - Search for spices (Columbus) - Also looking for the fountain of youth (it would extend your life) - Ponce de Leon, set sail to find the fountain of youth (1460 to 1521) came ashore in florida. *One most important factor that determines our survival: Serendipidity happy/lucky - it is good luck that we are here - could have migrated somewhere else, if you would have went to the US he could have been drafted to the Vietnamese war. Mortality: death (quantity of life) Morbidity: Health/illness. Rates of injury (quality of life) First thing Doctor asks: - What runs in your family? WHO - Many diseases are genetic - Cant change your genetic disposition - History of what you inherit - What you were doing? WHAT - risks of being born - how activities are risky - career, what job do you have - what is your behaviour - what are you smoking/swallowing/injecting The choices you make determine risks WHEN- risks vary on the time of day/month/year. Violence at night vs daytime - walking along university avenue something drops on her head, wrong place, wrong time. - Bad timing where you are when something bad happens. WHERE - You live - You work - You play - Distribution of risk - Various risks humans face based on where they live Compound maps: shows a combination of hazards ppl face. High Risk: California, Florida, Atlantic Coast. Western USA high risk of earthquakes/volcanoes Flooding covers the highest area of risks in US. *Natural Hazards posed by humans Anthropocentric pollution, industrial *All risks are human in nature: - where ppl are in contrast to where something is occurring GIS- geographical info system - We can now produce digital maps - And can map instantaneously Martin MonMontiea 10 RISKY PLACES IN US 1. Any place in California - constant land slides - volcanic activity - snipers - oil spills, riots, water shortage, wild fires, flooding, mudslides 2. Around Seattle Washington - active volcanoes -severe earthquakes *seismic risks like California - seattle hasnt has same experience as California, they are unprepared. 3. Coastal Area of Hawaii and Alaska - Tsunami risks (subterrain earthquakes) 4. Outer Banks of North Carolina - sand banks - susceptible to hurricanes/flooding 5. Miami - low elevation - hurricane damage - highwinds, flooding - murder capital of US, depending on the year - crime 6. Louisiana Coast - Hurricane Katrina - tropical hurricanes - most polluted -highest cancer mortality -soil contamination 7. Flood Plains of Mississippi River - residential risk of living near flood plains 8. Living alongside any river 9. San Diego (Phoenix) - growing populations - water deficiencies - depends on neighbourhood 10. In vicinity of Nuclear power plant Occupation Risk -Risk associated with the kind of work an individual does Years of potential life lost before age 65 (ONE YEAR) 19.4% unintentional injury 16% cancer 5.7% suicide 5% homicide Countries with highest suicide rate - # per 100,000 ppl per year -Lithuania 42 -Russia 37.4 Belarus 35 Primarily Eastern Europe, USSR.
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