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Week 10

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Ryerson University
Global Management Studies
GMS 200
Robert Hudyma

Chapter 10 Organizing as a Management Function Organizing arranges people and resources to work together toward accomplish a goal - Include resources - Involve both creating the division of labour and coordinating the results - Begins the process of implementation by clarifying jobs and working relationships - Who is doing what? Whos in charge? What is Organization Structure? Organization structure is the system of tasks, workflows, reporting relationships and communication channels that links together diverse individuals and groups - It links all individuals and groups together - Structures often be changed, as the environmental and situations occur - Any structure should both allocate task through a divisions of labour and provide for the coordination of performance results Planning to set the direction Organizing to create structure - Dividing up the work - Arrange resources - Coordinate activities Leading to inspire effort Controlling to ensure results Formal Structure Organizational Chart describes the arrangement of work positions within an organizations - A diagram that shows reporting relationships and the formal arrangements of work positions within an organization - Identifies various positions and job titles, lines of authority and the communication between them 1) Division of work: Positions and titles shows work responsibilities 2) Supervisory relationships: Lines show who reports to whom 3) Communication channels: Lines show formal communication flows 4) Major subunits: Positions reporting to a common manager are shown 5) Levels of management: Vertical layers of management are shown Formal Structure is the official structure of the organization - Represents the way the organization is intended to function Informal Structures Informal Structure is a shadow organizational, with a set of unofficial but critical , working relationships between organizations members - It shows who talks to and interacts regularly with whom regardless of their formal titles and relationships - The lines of informal structure would cut across levels and move from side to side - Is more powerful than formal structures - They would show people meeting for coffee, in exercise groups and in friendship groups Advantages - Informal structures can be helpful in getting work accomplished and organizantional success - Though the emergent and spontaneous relationship of informal structures, people benefit in task performance by being in personal contact with other who can help them get things done when necessary
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