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Lecture

Week 10

18 Pages
70 Views

Department
Global Management Studies
Course Code
GMS 200
Professor
Robert Hudyma

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Chapter 10
Organizing as a Management Function
Organizing – arranges people and resources to work together toward accomplish a goal
-Include resources
-Involve both creating the division of labour and coordinating the results
-Begins the process of implementation by clarifying jobs and working relationships
-Who is doing what? Whos in charge?
What is Organization Structure?
Organization structure – is the system of tasks, workflows, reporting relationships and
communication channels that links together diverse individuals and groups
-It links all individuals and groups together
-Structures often be changed, as the environmental and situations occur
-Any structure should both allocate task through a divisions of labour and provide for the
coordination of performance results
Planning – to set the direction
Organizing – to create structure
-Dividing up the work
-Arrange resources
-Coordinate activities
Leading – to inspire effort
Controlling – to ensure results
Formal Structure
Organizational Chart – describes the arrangement of work positions within an organizations
www.notesolution.com
-A diagram that shows reporting relationships and the formal arrangements of work
positions within an organization
-Identifies various positions and job titles, lines of authority and the communication
between them
1)Division of work: Positions and titles shows work responsibilities
2)Supervisory relationships: Lines show who reports to whom
3)Communication channels: Lines show formal communication flows
4)Major subunits: Positions reporting to a common manager are shown
5)Levels of management: Vertical layers of management are shown
Formal Structure – is the official structure of the organization
-Represents the way the organization is intended to function
Informal Structures
Informal Structureis a shadow organizational, with a set of unofficial but critical , working
relationships between organizations members
-It shows who talks to and interacts regularly with whom regardless of their formal titles
and relationships
-The lines of informal structure would cut across levels and move from side to side
-Is more powerful than formal structures
-They would show people meeting for coffee, in exercise groups and in friendship groups
Advantages
-Informal structures can be helpful in getting work accomplished and organizantional
success
-Though the emergent and spontaneous relationship of informal structures, people benefit
in task performance by being in personal contact with other who can help them get things
done when necessary
www.notesolution.com
oThey gain informal learning that take place while working and interacting together
throughout the workday
-Informal structure are also helpful in giving people access to interpersonal network of
emotional support and friendship that satisfy important social needs
-Interpersonal network
-Informing learning
-Disadvantages
oSince they exist outside of the formal authority system, the activities of informal
structures can sometimes work against the best interests of the organization as a
whole
oThey can be susceptible to rumor, carry inaccurate information, breed resistance
to change, and even divert work efforts for important objectivities
oOutsiders or people who are left out of informal grouping, may feel less part of
the daily activities and suffer loss of satisfaction
TRADITIONAL ORGANIZATION STRUCTURES
Departmentalization – is the process of grouping people together and jobs into work units
Functional Structures
Functional Structures – group of people that work together with similar skills who perform
similar tasks
-Very simple and easy
CEO
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Chapter 10 Organizing as a Management Function Organizing arranges people and resources to work together toward accomplish a goal - Include resources - Involve both creating the division of labour and coordinating the results - Begins the process of implementation by clarifying jobs and working relationships - Who is doing what? Whos in charge? What is Organization Structure? Organization structure is the system of tasks, workflows, reporting relationships and communication channels that links together diverse individuals and groups - It links all individuals and groups together - Structures often be changed, as the environmental and situations occur - Any structure should both allocate task through a divisions of labour and provide for the coordination of performance results Planning to set the direction Organizing to create structure - Dividing up the work - Arrange resources - Coordinate activities Leading to inspire effort Controlling to ensure results Formal Structure Organizational Chart describes the arrangement of work positions within an organizations www.notesolution.com - A diagram that shows reporting relationships and the formal arrangements of work positions within an organization - Identifies various positions and job titles, lines of authority and the communication between them 1) Division of work: Positions and titles shows work responsibilities 2) Supervisory relationships: Lines show who reports to whom 3) Communication channels: Lines show formal communication flows 4) Major subunits: Positions reporting to a common manager are shown 5) Levels of management: Vertical layers of management are shown Formal Structure is the official structure of the organization - Represents the way the organization is intended to function Informal Structures Informal Structure is a shadow organizational, with a set of unofficial but critical , working relationships between organizations members - It shows who talks to and interacts regularly with whom regardless of their formal titles and relationships - The lines of informal structure would cut across levels and move from side to side - Is more powerful than formal structures - They would show people meeting for coffee, in exercise groups and in friendship groups Advantages - Informal structures can be helpful in getting work accomplished and organizantional success - Though the emergent and spontaneous relationship of informal structures, people benefit in task performance by being in personal contact with other who can help them get things done when necessary www.notesolution.com
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