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Lecture

HST 111 Lecture Notes - Jacquerie, Olive Oil, Late Middle Ages


Department
History
Course Code
HST 111
Professor
Catherine Ellis

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Late middle ages
Black death 1348-1350
Killed 25 million people
Carried by fleas on rats brought over by trade route (map in text book hows
the spread)
Single greatest diastase to eve befall western Europe EVER 1/3 of the
population was killed
There may have been a genetic development of resistance for the small
pockets that weren't touched.
Small town away from trade route were also mainly spared
Responses
Average life span was 35 years
It changed their views on death
Christan society said it was the result of Human sin
Theory of planetary conjunctions
No one really knew where it had come from
The rises of Flagellants
- they beat themselves in the hope of being redeemed
The Church disapproved and said it wasn't Christian and banned it, but that
doesn't mean it stopped.
The looked for Scape goats:
Mostly Jews accused of poisoning wells
People also turned to magic, superstition; they turned to folk traditions for
means of protections
Another response to the plague was to have a great time! "Eat drink and be
merry!"
Consequences
It shattered the fundamental structure of 14th century Europe
The population decimated, especially towns people, children and elderly,
doctors and religious communities.
Production plummeted
Priests were dead so no one was there to perform religious services
The Church allowed other people, even women to perform those rights
Prices rose
Land values declined:: more sheep- wool production
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