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Lecture 2

HST 540 Lecture 2: HST540 - Week 2 - Notes

Course Code
HST 540
Arne Kislenko

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HST540 - Week 2 - Notes
***This course is about how intelligence agencies react to threats and economic activities.
Nationalisms - intellectual phenomenon where people talk about a nation identified by a common
objective or goal. Nations are products of nationalism, but nations themselves do not define nationalisms.
Imperialism - a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
Accelerated in the 1900 century.
Militarism - the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military
capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests. Redesign
military and the economy to become tense and prepared for war against other countries, this usually
leads to war. This also leads to using alliances and alliance structures. Alliances are dangerous as they
can lead to alliance members to do things that they do not want to do.
Social Darwinism - applying the theory of natural selection with people and races. Stronger people
malvenountly try to dominate stronger and weaker countries because they feel that they have the power
to and that they should.
The revolution → agencies have been around for 110 years and have been integrating themselves more
into today’s modern society.
There is a cultural and socio economic shifts because of these intelligence agencies.
We are so drowned with crappy ideas and media that we are very destasized with images of vulgar
nature in today’s society.
Intelligence agencies is so institutionalized that is is in command of killing millions of people.
Intelligence agencies can stimulate movements that create significant changes is modern cultural views,
which can be manipulated poorly (ie. nazis).
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We are capable of being nazies ourselves.
The world goes through more technological changes faster than any other time in the entire
universe. Essentially we fast forwarded progress all over the world. Technological advancements,
social changes, political changes, etc.
Rudyard Kipling very important, he wrote the jungle book, wrote about indian themes, associated
with being integral in British Imperialism. He refers to spying as the great game. Many strong
countries are trying to compete and control india through the use of spies. It portraits spies as
unofficial and guerilla units, which they were until recently when everything started becoming
more regulated.
Spying is considered to be a very dirty business.
Every empire in history has spies. That does not mean they are the same thing as intelligence
Modern day spies are in professional centralized and permanent agencies.
The global war of 1812 ends in 1815 where they create the concierge of europe which determines
who wins and loses the war. Everybody won and made french lose and then the winners recreated
the world from what they wanted it to be, like it was a puzzle.
The world powers makes a strong effort to make a concierge to have the biggest empires
1. Make sure that no country or leader will become so big they will try to take over the world.
2. They want to squash nationalisms, since they are deadly for empires.
Empires cannot survive nationalisms.
Naval Race - 1907 intelligence agencies born → leads to strong growth due to industrialization.
Rudyard KIPLING: (writer that led to spies popularity in britain)
Kim (1901) “The Great Game”
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find more resources at
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