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Lecture

HST 111, september 14th 2012.docx

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Department
History
Course
HST 111
Professor
Catherine Ellis
Semester
Fall

Description
Late middle ages Black death 1348-1350 Killed 25 million people Carried by fleas on rats brought over by trade route (map in text book hows the spread) Single greatest diastase to eve befall western Europe EVER 1/3 of the population was killed There may have been a genetic development of resistance for the small pockets that weren't touched. Small town away from trade route were also mainly spared Responses Average life span was 35 years It changed their views on death Christan society said it was the result of Human sin Theory of planetary conjunctions No one really knew where it had come from The rises of Flagellants - they beat themselves in the hope of being redeemed The Church disapproved and said it wasn't Christian and banned it, but that doesn't mean it stopped. The looked for Scape goats: Mostly Jews accused of poisoning wells People also turned to magic, superstition; they turned to folk traditions for means of protections Another response to the plague was to have a great time! "Eat drink and be merry!" Consequences It shattered the fundamental structure of 14th century Europe The population decimated, especially towns people, children and elderly, doctors and religious communities. Production plummeted Priests were dead so no one was there to perform religious services The Church allowed other people, even women to perform those rights Prices rose Land values declined:: more sheep- wool production Western Europe was a great place for sheep, they were a renewable resource. Wool becomes the most common type of fabric There was no cotton, it comes from the "new world" Linen, wool, leather and silk were the main text
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