HST 119: Lecture IV- Slavery and the Slave Trade
Key terms, names and figures:
Character of the 'slaver trader'- Rodrigo Mendoza- The Mission
The Last Supper (1976) – late 18 century Cuba dir. Tomas GutierrezAlea
-Sugar mill, plantation
-based on The Sugarmill,1964, by historian Morena Fraginals, who uncovered historical
-GuiterrezAlea- Educated in France. Learned Cinema D'Auteur. Period in the 1960s and 1970s
when individual European filmmakers emerged to stamp their individual vision in their films. Each
filmmaker would be associated with very obvious tropes. The oppression of the slave served as a
symbol of human oppression in the environment of the 60s & 70s, the civil rights movements.
-In the film, the Count de Casa Bayona invites 12 slaves to dinner.
-Takes place in 1789, the year of the French Revolution
-Refers to: The last supper of Jesus Christ & the Apostles. & “Maundy Thursday”- holy day on
the Thursday before Easter. “Good Friday”- crucifixion of Christ. “Easter Sunday”- resurrection of
-Christian rhetoric vs.African slave experience and attitude
Personalities in this film:
-Slave Personality: Connection toAfrica, language, religion. Many different languages and cultures.
Each of the twelve represents something different.
-Overseer: Manager of the slaves. Implements the owner's instructions.
-The sugar mill & its institution. The engineer; mixed race person. Fled St. Domingue.
Slavery: From ancient times to the present
-Mediterranean world th
-Ancient Greece & Rome (to 5 Century)
-Byzantine Empire (SE Europe and the Middle East, ca. 500-1500)
-Turkish Ottoman Empire (Middle East, NorthAfrica, SE Europe, ca. 1300-1800)
Europe: slave markets in towns of-
Venice, Genoa, Lisbon, Seville,Antwerp
e.g. In Venice, 1414-1423- more than 10,000 slaves sold
Slaves and sugar plantations have a long association
-In the Mediterranean, cultivation of sugar spread east to west, from Syria, Palestine to islands sch as
Cyprus, Malta and the Balearic Islands
-With early Atlantic voyages, to the Madeira Islands, Canary Islands, theAzores, the Cape Verde Islands, and the Island of Sao Thome (off W coast ofAfrica)
-from 1450 on, Lisbon emerged as a great market for enslavedAfricans
-1440-1460:About 15-20,000African Slaves sold