The Colonial Church
Key Terms: Conversion, Evangelization, 'Spiritual Conquest',Acculturation, Syncretism
-Late 15 Century, reform (Protestant) churches are forming.
-Catholicism was the only recognized religion by European powers, esp. Spain.
-Acculturation: Native culture was seen as an abomination. Practices such as polygamy were
eradicated in favour of European ideals.
-A'Just War' was waged on Native culture.
-Royal patronage- patronato real
-Papal Donation of 1493
-Bull of 1501- Pope gave church tithes to Spain to fund evangelization in the colonies. Chruch
tithes were 10% of income.
-Bull of 1508- Pope gave the Spanish king the right to choose candidates for colonial church
-The monarchy found that they could not control the conquistadors. They were becoming too powerful.
The monarchy sent representatives to administer a government and protect the crown's interests.
The church joined the colonial world as a political buttress of European values.
-Council of the Indies 1524- A'royal and supreme council' to oversee Spanish colonial affairs,
including legislative, judicial, financial, commercial, and military. This included matters of the church.
-The 'Secular' clergy were clerics not belonging to religious orders, i.e. Parish priests.
-The 'Regular' clergy were members of religious orders, this included:
-Dominicans (Started arriving in 1524)
-Franciscans (1526 and later)
-Augustinians (arrive 1533 or later)
-Jesuits (Society of Jesus):
-arrive in Brazil 1549
-arrive in Peru 1568
-arrive in New Spain 1572
Society of Jesus – or Jesuit Order
-founded by Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556)
-The Spiritual Exercises (1535) (published 1541) -1540- Society of Jesus was formally made an order of the Church by the Pope
-Three Customary Vows: Poverty, Celibacy, Obedience