Class Notes (839,469)
Canada (511,354)
History (615)
HST 219 (10)

Battle of Algiers (Movie) - Notes and themes

4 Pages

Course Code
HST 219
Joey Power

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
HST – Week 8 Lecture March 17, 2011 1 Battle of Algiers (1966) Director: Gillo Pontecorvo Italian Neo-Realist School About film: - Was made by an Italian director with the full support of the Algerian government - About urban warfare between nationalist - Neo-Realist: when you look at the screen it looks like found footage, news reel footage - Used hand held cameras, black and white, use of jump cuts and the casting of virtual unknowns - Film was shot on location in Algiers and in some of the actual places that the events happened - There was only 1 actual actor cast in the film, Jean Martin played Colonel Le Mathieu - One of the most peculiar casting choices was a man who had actual experience in the Battle of Algiers and he played himself in the movie - Actors delivered their lines in the most understated way - Film is shot in the realistic style - Film is extremely provocative, was not screened in mainland France until 1971 French presence in North Africa - Along with Tunisia became a French colony - In 1847 French had defeated Algerian resistance, but pockets of resistance still existed - Algeria, like South Africa, was conceived as a settler colony - Where French settlers would produce wealth for the mother country - The colony was ultimately to be politically assimilated – was to become part of mainland France - By the 1950s became the permanent decent of 1 million European people - Pieds noirs by 1950s of 8 million Africans mostly Muslim, no political voice - They were ethnically diverse but united by religion - Religion was the biggest obstacle to the political process – Muslims could not vote - Vast majority of the population had no political right, and most were French subjects in their own land - Algeria was nominally represented in the French assembly but most of the population had no voice - Algeria from the earliest times had been exploited for its agricultural land – for its wheat, olives, grapes - Strict set of laws set in place to control the Indigenous people: in their own country most of the people (majority) were considered alien and inferior, or “invisible” HST – Week 8 Lecture March 17, 2011 2 - The Second World War was a turning point in Algerian history, because Germany occupied the southern part of France and this directly related to events in Algeria - - Algeria as part of France  WWII – Vichy Regime 1940 – 1942 - American occupation - German – Italian surrenders in Libya May 1943 - Return of Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco to Gen. Charles - Degaulles “Free French” gout in exile - Between 1942 and 1943 Algeria is under control of American forces - Americans are greeted as liberators, and encourage Algerian aspirations for greater political rights - Americans see themselves as “anti colonial people” and they inherently oppose colonicalization - Encouraged by the Americans and the war in France, the Algerian majority begin to push for most rights African Politics Post-war - Ferhat Abbas Manifesto of the Algerian People - Feb 1943 - Demanded that Muslims have rights and French citizenship - When the French come back they throw those who rebel the government throws them in jail (Setif) - Messali Hadj (communist) escaped detention and goes underground to organize a lobby/pressure group called “Friends of the Manifeso of Liberty” - These people go underground as a political party because they know that the requests that the manifesto is asking will not be taken - During VE-Day 1945 a parade is organized around the village of Satif, it is supposed to be a victory of France, what happens is that Massali Hadj infiltrates the parade and puts in nationalist signs of their own “Long Live Algeria” etc. (Setif Demonstrations > riots) - This triggers a 4 day battle in which 100 European officials and 8,000 Algeirans were killed - The French respond to this disorder by sending troops, drop bombs on village and ground troops raid villages - Impact  French – reform and repress  Africa – reform and radicalize HST – Week 8 Lectu
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.