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Lecture 6

HST 504 - Week 6.docx

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HST 504
Mike Kasprzak

HST 504 – Week 6 Keywords Locarno Treaties Gustav Stresemann Dawes Plan Ruhr Crisis Washington Naval Treaty Little Entente Treaty of Rapallo Good Neighbour policy Peace and Restoration: International Relations in the 1920s - The five peace treaties that constituted the Paris Peace Settlement did create a foundation for new postwar diplomacy. - However, although the peacemakers wanted to create anew the entire system, they continued using methods that had been practiced before 1914. - They did not resolve all the prewar rivalries and disputes, while the war and postwar treaties only added new ones. - Moreover, they did not fully understand the long-term implications of the decisions that they had made in Paris. - One thing remained certain: Europe experienced a demotion of status in international relations as a result of the First World War. - It had lost economic, political and military ascendancy. However, the realization of that loss had not been fully accepted, and the Europeans continued to live with the illusion of supremacy. - The Roaring Twenties were thus marked by conflicting agendas of the Great Powers. - Germany attempted to dismantle the limitations imposed on her by the Treaty of Versailles - France was preoccupied with enforcing Versailles’ terms and preventing the re-emergence of a powerful Germany. - Britain and the United States wanted to remove their commitments on the continent and focus on economic expansion. - Opposing French intransigence, they hoped to gradually remove Versailles’ features, which they felt prevented Germany from accepting the new political order. - All remained preoccupied with expanding their empires, stimulating competition especially in East Asia and the Middle East. - As the United States retreated to the Western hemisphere (concentrating on Latin America), the world’s security was left in the hands of two states, France and Britain. - With the former too weak to ensure collective security and the latter focusing once again on empire, stability in international relations was precarious. - all the countries suffered economically throughout the 1920s as the Great War had created significant and irrevocable shifts in global trade patterns. - All states became preoccupied with economic recovery (or economic growth as in the case of the US) based on protectionist
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