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Ryerson University
HST 701
Vera Pavri

Assume that there is close relation between science and technology - Throughout most of history, science and tech not really related - Different statuses - Up and until 19 century, technology was not considered to be equal of science - Technology was considered inferior (artisans, engineers, craftspeople found to be inferior than natural philosophers) Aristotle and Plato were first to make distinction between technology and natural philosophy - They were first to make technology inferior - Socio/economic status was key to this classification - Natural philosophers were rich, had money to just sit around and explore the world - Craftsman/artisans were of lower class (had to work to make a living) - Natural philopshy was considered study of universal knowledge (general laws/theories of world around us) - Technical knowledge was more subject specific to items themselves - Despite the great creations of crafts peoples, they were unable to explain WHY objects worked (made them look less superior) In the Middle Ages - Natural philosophy was still seen as superior - Hue of St. Victor was first to say that technology was as valuable as natural philosophy Renaissance - People are beginning to see natural philosophy and technological arts as ways to gain fame and wealth - Started seeing connection between Natural philosophy and technological arts - 3 things that o Increased use of instruments in natural philosophy  Increase in experimentation (disputing Arisotle’s influence)  Natural philosopher’s saw experimentation as better way to understand the world around them o Social spaces  Places were different disciplines could come together and share ideas  Coffee houses, pubs, salons  Greater interaction between engineers/craftsman and natural philosophers o Hybrid Humans  More people started to study both disciplines  Examples include Galileo and Da Vinci Early to Mid 1800s
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